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Haiti - Health : 632 cases of Chikungunya (provisional)
13/05/2014 10:59:21

Haiti - Health : 632 cases of Chikungunya (provisional)
After the confirmation, May 6 by Dr. Florence Duperval Guillaume, Minister of Public Health and Population of 14 cases of chikungunya in Haiti http://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-11092-haiti-health-chikungunya-14-cases-confirmed-in-the-country.html it was the turn of Dr. Marie Raymond Guirlène Charité, the General of the Ministry of Health Director, to announce that on Sunday, May 11, 632 people have officially caught the chikungunya virus in Haiti, nearly 500 cases just for the department of West. This assessment is provisional, all cases are not reported in hospitals.

Recall that the Director General had announced earlier this month, that a contingency plan would be implemented by the Ministry to control the disease, plan which consists in destroying the place where live and adult mosquitoes by fumigation and make awareness campaigns and communication with the populations.

Preventive measures for the population against chikungunya, are the same as to avoid malaria and dengue fever, it is necessary to destroy all breeding sites in its immediate environment (stagnant water below pots, garbage, gutters) and sleep under a mosquito net.

Chikungunya made ​​its appearance for the first time in 2003, in the French part of the island of Saint-Martin, The disease is now reported in several Caribbean countries [including the Dominican Republic] and the Antilles (Guadeloupe, Martinique etc...)

Learn more about chikungunya :
The name chikungunya, of makondée origin, means "that curves, that huddles" or "the man bent disease" because the disease causes very severe joint pain associated with stiffness, which gives infected patients a curved characteristic attitude. Chikungunya (chik) is an infectious disease caused by an arbovirus of the family "Togaviridae" transmitted by mosquitoes. Several species of mosquitoes can transmit chikungunya, but only Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus have so far been identified as epidemic vectors, note that these species are also involved in the transmission of other arboviruses such as: dengue, dengue fever hemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, etc...

The first symptoms of the disease (incubation) occur 2-6 days after the person has been infected and starts suddenly with a high fever usually associated with severe joint pain and transient rash. These symptoms are sometimes accompanied by muscle aches, headaches, digestive disorders. Chikungunya is a disabling disease not only because of the pain but also due to fatigue it causes in more than half of the patients. In some patients, the effects, particularly rheumatological, may persist for several months or even several years. There is no effective drug against chikungunya. The treatment of the disease is only symptomatic and relies mainly on the administration of drugs painkillers and anti-inflammatory treatments. Aspirin should be avoided because of the risk of bleeding.


HL/ HaitiLibre

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