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Haiti - Agriculture : Fishing for investors....
26/09/2010 15:28:10

Haiti - Agriculture : Fishing for investors....
Fishing in Haiti present real assets, which should interest the national and foreign private investors. Apart, few ongoing projects financed by the Spanish Cooperation and the IDB, the fisheries and aquaculture needs more support from the international community to enable it to fulfill its role in national economy.

Haiti has a coastline of 1.770 km and 22,000 ha of water. It is also the only country to have 800 ha of brackish water in the sub region. Fishing activities occupy full or partial time 52,000 families. But despite these potential rich and varied fishing is still very underdeveloped in Haiti. The production of fish remains weak, 16.000 tons per annum including 400 tons produced by the aquiculture. Each year, the State must import 21.000 tons of fish for a value of 18 million dollars to cover the deficit of its production.

This is artisanal fishing using rudimentary equipment of low productivity. Small boats and old do not allow the exploitation of resources away from the coast and limit the time and number of fishing days. The organization of fishermen is almost absent. The facilities of conservation are non-existent increasing the risks of losses on all levels of the marketing channels. Fishing equipment is expensive and mostly imported from the Dominican Republic.

To date, no assessment of marine resources has been made in Haiti. Given the growing demand for seafood and requirements to protect marine resources, such an evaluation would allow better planning of operations while safeguarding the environment for a sustainable and productive fisheries. The lack of statistics on fishing is also a major handicap for the identification and preparation of draft fishing.

Compared to countries in the subregion, fish consumption in Haiti is the lowest (3.8 kg / head / year) while in the Dominican Republic, she is 10 kg / head / year. The government's action plan for fisheries and aquaculture aims to double current production to increase from 16,000 tons to 35,000 tons in 2020.

The earthquake of January 12 to further weaken the system of production and conservation of fish. Ice plants and cold stores were destroyed by the earthquake. The lack of electricity has caused significant losses of fish. Some fishermen have lost their fish aggregating devices and some fish farmers have suffered damage in ponds and fish lost. With the decline of the sea, the fish moved away from the coast making conditions more difficult for small fishing boats. After the earthquake, the transportation of fish has been disrupted for several weeks because of landslides that have blocked the roads.

HL / HaitiLibre

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