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Haiti - Elections : Preliminary review in figures of the OCID
02/02/2017 09:34:13

Haiti - Elections : Preliminary review in figures of the OCID
The Citizen Observatory for the Institutionalization of Democracy (OCID) continued its observation work throughout the election day from 29 January until the closure of the offices, the counting of votes.

Preliminary results of the election day :
Observations reported for 98.78% of the national sample of polling stations (weighted to correct the overrepresentation of the Center Department) are analyzed and presented with ± 3% margin of error and confidence level of 95%.

  • 1. With respect to voting procedures, members of Voting Offices (BV) explained to voters how to vote in 77% of polling stations (vs. 81.6% on 20 November 2016). The indelible ink was applied to the finger of the voters in 96.9% of the polling stations (against 97.1% in November 2016). Observers from OCID were able to follow the closing process in 99.8% (against 99.3% in November 2016).

  • 2. There were still voters in queue at the close of polling stations in 5.8% of cases (against 9.5% on 20 November 2016 and 20.2% on 25 October 2015). It should be noted that they were still able to vote in 65.6% of the BV concerned, in accordance with the electoral decree.

  • 3. OCID noted a relative increase in the presence of political party officers and political groupings at the close of voting compared to the start of the day. Indeed, at least three different political parties or groups were able to observe the counting of votes in 56.3% of the polling stations, against 44.5% in the morning. In November 2016, this percentage was 62.3% in the morning and 76.9% at the close.

  • 4. In 51% of the polling stations where political party officers and political groups attended the count, there was at least one woman among them.

  • 5. OCID noted that the voting process was temporarily interrupted during the day in 4.2% of polling stations throughout the country (compared with 2% on 20 November 2016). This situation is due to various incidents: acts of violence at Mirebalais, Saint Marc and Jacmel; issues related to electoral documents in Cerca Carvajal, Hinche, Lascahobas and problems related to confusion regarding territorial delimitation, particularly in the metropolitan area.

  • 6. OCID observers reported greater mobilization of voters in rural areas and near-empty voting centers, particularly in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. The result is an overall participation rate even higher than in the elections of 20 November 2016, ie 26.1% (against 23.3% in November 2016 according to the OCID and around 21% according to the CEP).

    While this rate contrasts with the predictions and concerns expressed by various sectors during the election day, particularly in the capital, the breakdown of data by residence provides an illuminating answer. Indeed, the participation rate is estimated at 32% in rural areas, 17.2% in cities outside Port-au-Prince, but only 7.8% in Port-au-Prince. It should be noted that this rate is 32.9% for the Centre Department where OCID mobilized 345 observers in a special sample of polling stations.

    In terms of women's voting, it represents 39.7% of the total, hence a slight improvement compared to 20 November 2016 (37.9%).

HL/ HaitiLibre

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