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Haiti - Agriculture : Critical Situation in Grand'Anse
09/04/2017 11:26:12

Haiti - Agriculture : Critical Situation in Grand'Anse
Grand'Anse just experienced three months of drought (December to February). Farm households, which constitute a large part of the population, are in a chaotic situation due to registered agricultural losses. Food insecurity, already high since the passage of Hurricane Matthew, has worsened. In addition to the problems of housing and access to drinking water that are still prevalent in this region, the rural population is the most affected, due to the fact that humanitarian aid has not reached it at the same rate as in the cities.

According to a recent assessment (March 2017) conducted by the Agricultural Department of Grand'Anse (DDAGA) and the National Coordination of Food Security (CNSA), food security has deteriorated to the point where the whole department has been Classified in Phase 3 on the 5th scale of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).

This Phase 3 is characterized by: high food deficits and high acute malnutrition rates or the inability of households to meet minimum food requirements without exhaust their livelihood assets. This inevitably leads to food deficits.

The communes of Anse d'Hainault, Chambellan, Corail, Moron, Pestel, Irois, Dame Marie, and Jérémie (rural areas), particularly in the most isolated sections and localities, are the most worrying. A total of more than 180,000 people, or nearly 43 per cent of the total population of the Department, are plagued by this emergency situation. It should also be pointed out that, apart from the city of Jérémie, hese areas are mostly characterized by a high prevalence of food insecurity affecting 54% of households and the fragility of their economic structure, with a share of higher food expenditure to 2/3 of their total expenditure (Source: CNSA and partners, Post-Matthew Food Security Survey, January / February 2017).

Taking into account the current situation, all the conditions are met for an increase of the food and nutritional insecurity of the households in the sections and localities which are difficult to access, which could go into Phase 4 of the IPC, in the absence of adequate assistance.

Learn more about the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) :

Phase 1 :
Usually adequate and stable food access with moderate to low risk of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.

Phase 2 : Moderately / Borderline Food Insecure
Borderline adequate food access with recurrent high risk (due to probable hazard events and high vulnerability) of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.

Phase 3 : Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis
Highly stressed and critical lack of food access with high and above usual malnutrition and accelerated depletion of livelihood assets that, if continued, will slide the population into Phase 4 or 5 and / or likely result in chronic poverty.

Phase 4 : Humanitarian Emergency
Severe lack of food access with excess mortality, very high and increasing malnutrition, and irreversible livelihood asset stripping.

Phase 5 : Famine / Humanitarian Catastrophe
Extreme social upheaval with complete lack of food access and / or other basic needs where mass starvation, death, and displacement are evident

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