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Haiti - Agriculture : Encouraging prospects thanks to the good winter campaign
15/02/2018 07:24:24

Haiti - Agriculture : Encouraging prospects thanks to the good winter campaign
According to the latest report of the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNet) livelihood disruptions in the North and Northeast, following the passage Irma put part of the areas in food crisis (Phase 3 on the scale of 5 of the IPC). In the northeastern showers continue to hamper agricultural activities, especially in the plains. Farmers could not set up the winter plantations; there were no harvests, with the exception of the mountains : Sainte Suzanne, Mont Organisé, Carice, Vallière. However, the yields are lower than normal because of the decrease of the investments related to the fall of the economic means.

The other regions, including Grand'Anse and the South Coast, which were to be in Crisis between February and May 2018, will now be in Phase 1 and 2 of the IPC.

However, above-average rainfall favored winter planting in the rest of the country and resulted in harvests of beans, bananas, Congo peas, roots and tubers. "Cash and Food for Work" activities, initiated by Oxfam and the Ministry of Agriculture in the plain of Les Cayes, have increased the incomes of poor households, thus improving their food situation. Nearly 2,000 families benefited, of which about 50% in Tiburon.

Markets are well supplied with seasonal local products, but prices remain high, with the exception of beans (-3%). In the North, the price of beans is high where the November plantings have not yet been harvested. The price of imported rice remains stable and that of local maize is growing slightly (less than 3%). The price of imported corn, twice that of local corn, maintains its stability despite the depreciation of the gourde.

Note : The classification used by FEWSNet is compatible and follows the main protocols of the Integrated Classification of Food Safety (IPC). It should be noted that an analysis compatible with the IPC does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national partners on food security.

Learn more about the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) :

Phase 1 :
Usually adequate and stable food access with moderate to low risk of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.

Phase 2 : Moderately / Borderline Food Insecure
Borderline adequate food access with recurrent high risk (due to probable hazard events and high vulnerability) of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.

Phase 3 : Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis
Highly stressed and critical lack of food access with high and above usual malnutrition and accelerated depletion of livelihood assets that, if continued, will slide the population into Phase 4 or 5 and / or likely result in chronic poverty.

Phase 4 : Humanitarian Emergency
Severe lack of food access with excess mortality, very high and increasing malnutrition, and irreversible livelihood asset stripping.

Phase 5 : Famine / Humanitarian Catastrophe
Extreme social upheaval with complete lack of food access and / or other basic needs where mass starvation, death, and displacement are evident.

HL/ S/ HaitiLibre

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