Haiti - Agriculture : State of Food Security in the Country (April 2018)
The Northeast Plains and the Highlands have difficulty recovering from the climatic shocks of recent months. This has affected the last autumn and winter seasons during which some households had zero production.
On the other hand, in the Northwest and Nippes, above-normal rains in January disrupted winter crop development, affecting farm labor income. Plantations that were due to mature in February were almost destroyed (Baie de Henne, Bombardopolis, Mole Saint Nicolas, Jean Rabel etc...) This situation will be monitored in future updates.
The North-East and Haut-Plateau are in crisis Phase 3 of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) because of the climatic shocks mentioned, the rest of the country being in Stress and Minimal (Phases 1 and 2 of the IPC), the food security conditions described in February are the same."
Learn more about the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) :
Phase 1 :
Usually adequate and stable food access with moderate to low risk of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.
Phase 2 : Moderately / Borderline Food Insecure
Borderline adequate food access with recurrent high risk (due to probable hazard events and high vulnerability) of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.
Phase 3 : Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis
Highly stressed and critical lack of food access with high and above usual malnutrition and accelerated depletion of livelihood assets that, if continued, will slide the population into Phase 4 or 5 and / or likely result in chronic poverty.
Phase 4 : Humanitarian Emergency
Severe lack of food access with excess mortality, very high and increasing malnutrition, and irreversible livelihood asset stripping.
Phase 5 : Famine / Humanitarian Catastrophe
Extreme social upheaval with complete lack of food access and / or other basic needs where mass starvation, death, and displacement are evident
HL/ SL/ HaitiLibre