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Haiti - Agriculture : A new scourge threatens Haiti
25/06/2014 10:27:24

Haiti - Agriculture : A new scourge threatens Haiti
The Ministry of Agriculture in Haiti, has temporarily banned the import of live pigs from the Dominican Republic, United States, Canada, Brazil and Mexico affected by Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED), a disease caused by a coronavirus [a highly virulent strain], which affects pigs of all ages, but mainly causes mortality in piglets before weaning (up 95%).

The Ministry stated that will do everything possible to prevent the entry of the PED in Haiti where the pig herd is estimated at one million head. Michel Chancy, Secretary of State for Animal Husbandry, said the impact of DEP in Haiti is mostly economic, stressing the importance of pork in the economy of the farmers. Note that the DEP does not spread to other animals or to humans. Pork products can be safely consumed.

The Secretary of State indicated that to reduce the risk of entry of swine disease, it was necessary to meet sanitary standards, which allow the introduction of live animals and fresh meat in Haiti, authorized only by a sanitary import permit issued by the Ministry of Agriculture, stressing that smuggling was the greatest threat to Haiti, it encourages the strict compliance with regulations.

The first identified case of DEP back to 1972 in England (Oldham). Currently, the virus was sequenced in 2013 in the USA and 2014 in Canada and has over 99% identity with the genome of virus of PED isolated in China in 2012 [The disease is also endemic in many East Asian countries]. Canada has drastically strengthen biosecurity measures.

End of April 2013, the first cases of swine epidemic diarrhea (PED) were detected in the United States while the disease had never been previously described in the American continent. Today, more than 200 pigs infected in states with high concentration swine: Iowa, Minnesota, Indiana and mostly recently in Oklahoma (60 cases - June). The disease has killed more than 7 million pigs in the United States (May 2014 figure)

Contacted by a Dominican newspaper, Dominican Ambassador in Haiti, Ruben Silie said in Tuesday evening, do not have information on the decision of the Haitian government ....

In Santo Domingo the "Dirección General de Ganadería de República Dominicana" revealed that it's been months since the first cases of DEP were detected in some areas of production, but that biosecurity measures were immediately applied in the pig farms affected and that the situation was under control.

No vaccine :
Michel Chancy indicated that vaccines tested are not effective "There is no specific treatment and it is difficult to save piglets dying in large quantities. Many adult pigs may heal spontaneously, they should be given plenty of water and oral rehydration salts. ". François Cardinal, the Chief Veterinary Committee Team Quebec Health Swine (EQSP) says no vaccine in the history of this disease has so far yielded satisfactory results at the preventive level in farms never having been infected.

Propagation mode of PED :

The disease can be spread when healthy pigs come into contact with pigs infected but also indirectly by transport vehicles used to transport animals with the disease; by a surface or material or contaminated, including livestock feed; by contaminated clothing and shoes worn by visitors and industry players where gathered pigs.

Recommendations :
Michel Chancy recalls that DEP symptoms are diarrhea and profuse vomiting. "To reduce the spread of DEP in case of symptoms seen in animals it is necessary to inform the Veterinary Officer (of GSB – Gwoupman sante bèt) nearest and promptly notify the authorities of the Ministry of Agriculture "He recommends avoiding raising pigs freedom ; isolate sick pigs; prevent the movement of people in places intended for pig farming so that spread disease by walking in the feces and thus carry the virus.

SL/ HaitiLibre

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