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Haiti - Health : All about health services in Haiti
09/01/2018 09:09:56

Haiti - Health : All about health services in Haiti
As part of its commitments of transparency and accountability, the Unit of Studies and Programming (UEP) of the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP) published at the end of 2017 the 6th Edition of its annual health statistics publication (2016). This 48-page document was developed from data collected in the country's health facilities, epidemiological surveillance results published by the Department of Epidemiology, Laboratory and Research (DELR) and also from the statistical reports of certain priority programs. This report provides updated information, inter alia, on the conditions and health status of the country's population, including morbidity; health resources; coverage and performance of major health programs; health problems in terms of major endemics; access to basic health services and resources devoted to the health of the population.

The conclusions of the analysis of statistics for the year 2016 show that Haiti faces major health challenges, characterized by, inter alia: the prevalence of both infectious and parasitic diseases and chronic diseases; the Ministry's limited leeway to operate its health facilities and at the same time ensure the management of its priority programs; limited access of the population to basic health services and low utilization of available services.

As revealed by the analysis of the state of health of the Haitian population, infectious diseases such as ARI, Malaria, Diarrhea, Cholera, HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis, the diphtheria epidemic and the under notification of chronic diseases, high blood pressure and diabetes among others are among the main causes of attendance of health services in Haiti. The high prevalence of these diseases at the population level reflects the scale of the problem and calls for the allocation of resources adapted to the size of these major challenges.

Similarly, the chapter on the resources of the Ministry describes a situation of precariousness, characterized by shortcomings and inequalities unfavorable to a supply of services and health care among others: an insufficient health workforce and unevenly distributed on the territory ; a health budget below the recommended minimum threshold, which is most often a blocking factor in the renewal of stocks of basic equipment and medical supplies and essential drugs in health facilities.

Deficiencies in human and financial resources are a handicap to the coverage of the basic health services of the population. Indeed, since the declaration of Alma-Ata in 1978, at the end of 2016 only 3,036 health workers were listed out of a total of nearly 11,000 needed to cover the entire national territory. In addition, the ratio of hospital beds per 10,000 population (6.86) is well below the minimum standard recommended by WHO.

Download the full report (PDF) : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/Rapport-Statistique-MSPP-2016.pdf

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