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Haiti - Environment : Survival of the Macaya Park is both political and civic
09/06/2014 12:35:04

Haiti - Environment : Survival of the Macaya Park is both political and civic
The National Natural Park Macaya (PNNM) created by Decree of the government of Jean-Claude Duvalier in 1984, covering an area of ​​2,000 ha, increased to more than 8,000 ha in March 2013 by President Martelly, now houses the last primary forest of Haiti and is the last sanctuary of biodiversity in the western part of the island, with the largest concentration in the world of endemic species per unit of area.

This natural wealth is nothing without the exceptional rainfall (3-6 m of water / year)that characterizes the two highest peaks of the Massif de la Hotte (Pic Macaya rises to 2,347 m), which allows 7 rivers of South and Grand Anse, to ake their sources in the mountains, feeding the two largest irrigation systems in the South (Avezac and Dubreuil). Macaya protection is therefore essential, not only for its natural resources, but also for the survival of all populations in downstream. The decrease in water resources, driven by deforestation in the Park, threatens every day a little more food security of the people of South and Grand Anse.

The PNNM is also threatened by the disappearance of his forest in favor of subsistence agriculture, livestock and wood industry (planks, fat and charcoal wood). In this race to the depletion of natural resources, slash and burn agriculture with regular fire it causes, is the primary factor of destruction of ecosystems Macaya. In recent years, millions of tons of arable land are away to the sea destroying downstream wildlife and marine flora exposing the populations, to landslides more and more frequent and of greater magnitude, of Fonds-Verrettes and Mapou if no action is taken.

The struggle for the survival of Macaya Park is political and civic, all Haitians from here and abroad must taking part to preserve the last forest of Haiti.

To make this park a reality and stop the degradation of natural resources within the park and in its immediate vicinity, the Ministry of the Environment launched in December 2012 the Macaya Project. This project currently under development is funded by the Global Environment Fund and the Fund for the Reconstruction of Haiti under donation of the Norwegian cooperation, and managed by the Inter-American Development Bank, for a total of $ 12 million over a period of 5 years. The project includes the creation of a technical unit and the development of a management plan for the park, which includes activities of protection, reforestation, tourism promotion, creation of a supervisory body (ongoing recruitment), agro-forestry, improvement of the road of Formont and better conditions of life for the community.

Learn more about the Macaya Park :
Located in the Massif de la Hotte and extending over the hills Formond and Macaya, the Macaya Park is, by its geographical position, one of the largest natural parks in the country dominated by the Pic Macaya (2,347 m). These hills are cut with deep ravines that give birth to seven rivers of the southern departments and Grand Anse. The National Park is home for 65 species of birds, some of which are endemic and protects 141 species of orchids, 38 endemic, and 367 flowering plants whose 55 are unique to the island of Haiti, an invaluable resource.

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