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Haiti - Environment : Strengthening of the cooperation to address climate change
Four key elements are a guarantee of a satisfactory agreement: ambitious commitments to reduce emissions, a common objective in the form of a long-term goal, a five-year reconsideration cycle to review and strengthen emission targets, and strict rules on transparency and accountability obligation to give confidence to stakeholders and ensure that countries will keep their commitments.
Dominique Pierre, Minister of the Environment, evoking the issue of the Paris Conference, said "The great innovation of this 21st Conference of the Parties is the prior submission by the signatories to the Framework Convention, of National Contributions that show their effort in the fight against climate change. The Republic of Haiti therefore hopes that the agreement to be concluded in Paris is legally binding on all Parties, guarantees adequate and predictable funding and available to support adaptation and climate mitigation and other needs related to climate change and adequately addresses the issue of loss and damage."
Vincent Degert, Ambassador of the European Union, said "The Paris conference is a historic opportunity to accelerate the transition to a global economy to low carbon, resilient to climate change. Decisive measures to fight against climate change must be taken and are expected from citizens around the world," adding "Our responsibility is to support our partners to better adapt to climate change. To this end, the EU notably finance, with a budget of 6 million euros, the Support Program to Climate Change for National Development of Haiti. This program helps to strengthen the technical capacity of the Ministry of Environment but also to promote new practices within communities such as the use of renewable energy rather than coal or agricultural practices that prevent soil erosion."
Charles Jean-Jacques, the National Authorising Officer of the EDF in Haiti think the phenomenon of climate change is inherent to our planet and taking on alarming proportions in fragile economies, island and most heavily hit vulnerable populations. "We must work tirelessly on our side with our local partners so that the government can address climate change in national development policies. The management of our watersheds of our coastal areas, strengthening food and nutrition security, the development of alternative to fossil energy dependence, urban development and management of infrastructure, training, education, awareness on environmental issues are all factors to be taken into account in our fight to reduce the negative impacts of climate change on your lives and property in order to create pleasant living spaces and preserve the planet for future generations."
Elisabeth Beton Delègue, the Ambassador of France in Haiti, meanwhile, said "France will soon host and chair the COP21. This is a crucial deadline since it is to succeed, for the first time, to a universal and binding agreement to fight effectively against climate change and accelerate the transition to societies and resilient economies friendly and low carbon. With its long tradition of support to the sectors of environment and agriculture in Haiti, France has supported the development of the national contribution made by the Haitian authorities upstream of the Conference. This contribution provides important steps to adapt. It is precisely to facilitate their implementation that France wants to strengthen its cooperation with Haiti in the field of the environment."
More than 120 heads of state and government will meet on the occasion of the Paris climate conference (COP 21) to conclude a new global agreement on climate change.
The Contributions of Haiti and from EU in the fight against climate change :
Haiti submitted since 30 September, its national contribution (CPDN). This document https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-15387-haiti-environment-cop21-an-action-plan-of-over-25-billion-dollars-for-haiti.html sets the guidelines on which rest the actions of the Haitian State in the next fifteen years to adapt to climate change and reduce by 31% its Gas emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) compared to a baseline scenario, by 2030. With this effort, Haiti will remain one of the least emitters country.
The implementation of CPDN of Haiti requires a total budget of 25.387 billion USD over the period 2016-2030.
On the other hand, the EU was the first major economy to present its planned contribution to the new agreement: it is a objective of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases by the Union of at least 40% compared to 1990 levels by 2030.
This commitment is based on the targets and the current strategic framework for action for the EU's climate. The Union is on track to meet, or exceed its emission reduction target of 20% by 2020. Between 1990 and 2013, EU emissions have decreased by 19%; GDP, meanwhile, grew 45% over the same period.