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Haiti - Reconstruction : How much money Haiti received in 2010 ?
Former U.S. President Bill Clinton also recognizes that 64% of the pledged amount has finally been paid, however, he finds that amount "significantly since the year 2010 was particularly difficult for the global economy. "
It is important to highlight the use of these funds, this allows us to see that only 45% and not 64% have been allocated for the reconstruction. According to the report of the UN Office of the Special Envoy for Haiti (OSE) 1.28 billion were effectively been disbursed at December 31, 2010, but only 912.5 million dollars (45%) involved the reconstruction projects. To reach 64% the Co-chairs, include in their calculations: 233 million of budget support to government (budget financing of the Haitian State (1)) and 135.3 million in loans made to the Government of Haiti...
Donations only in 2010, accounted by the OSE are in reality : $223.6 million (various subsidies with/near the United Nations), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the World Bank through the Reconstruction Fund of Haiti and 688.9 million dollars in subsidies to the Government of Haiti, multilateral agencies, NGOs and private companies.
During 2010, the IHRC has approved 74 projects for a total of 2.990 billion. Of this amount 1.611 billion (54%) are associated with identified sources of funding (institutions and international agencies, private funds, donors etc. ...). We must remembered that the identification of funding sources, does not mean, a total disbursement in the current year. Some approved projects are spread over 2 years or more, others are only partially funded and are seeking additional funds. In reality is 912.5 million dollars that have been actually disbursed 31% of approved projects (or 56% of the funding sources identified).
The promises of the 55 donor countries (international donors) for the years 2010-2011 amounted to 4.460 billion, currently only 20% have been disbursed.
It is also important to mention that beyond the reconstruction funds, funds of direct support to the Haitian government, the international community proceeded to debt reduction for Haiti for $ 1.07 billion during this period (not included in these figures). Also are excluded the large costs of international assistance of post-earthquake emergency.
Jean Max Bellerive reiterated the three priority areas for IHRC: rubble removal, housing and health, indicating that for these three priority areas, Haiti in 2010, had received only $350 million. While recognizing that in matters of international cooperation, the percentage of money received is a "standard normal", he said that given the circumstances and needs of Haiti, an extra effort from the International community is necessary.
Bill Clinton said for its part, the needs were numerous, but we will have to wait 6 to 12 months before to see everything that is done since January 12, 2010. Furthermore, he assured that a mechanism had been established "to ensure transparency on how funds are spent."
(1) The contribution of the International goes from one year to the other from 61 to 66% (58 billion gourdes) of the national budget (2010-2011, or nearly two thirds of our public expenditures (!)
https://www.haitilibre.com/article-1636-haiti-economie-le-budget-2010-2011-depend-a-66-de-l-aide-internationale.html (in french)
(2) It is to note that despite the many criticisms whose the IHRC is the victim, it has greatly improved its working methods. Thus at the first meeting of the IHRC (July 25, 2010), two projects were approved and funded 100%, which is normal, it was the launching of the commission. The second meeting of the IHRC (August 17, 2010) has approved 29 projects of which only 44% had a total or partial funding... The third meeting (October 6, 2010) of the IHRC has approved 18 projects of which 59% had a total or partial funding. At the last meeting (December 14, 2010), the IHRC has approved 25 projects of which 76% had a total or partial funding.