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Haiti - Politic : World Bank report on urbanization in Haiti
Despite the challenges of rapid urbanization, the country has also taken important steps in reducing extreme poverty and expanding coverage of basic education and health services. Today, 90 percent of children attend school, and infant mortality decreased by 9 percent between 2005 and 2012. The country’s major cities are now all connected to the main road network, tourism has increased, and access to micro credits improved.
With a renewed sense of optimism, the report reviews the challenges that cities in Haiti still face today in terms of access to basic services, land use planning and exposure to natural disasters.
"Building resilience and sustainable cities is a priority to promote opportunities for all. The need is now to focus on meeting the growing demands for services, job opportunities, as well as affordable transport and housing in cities," said World Bank Country Director for Haiti, Anabela Abreu.
Rapid growth in Haitian cities has not gone hand in hand with the economic growth usually associated with urbanization. Costly natural disasters have also exacerbated the challenges of the urbanization process.
World Bank Director for Social, Urban and Resilience Global Practice, Sameh Wahba, points out that : "Closing the gap in infrastructure, services, and improving land use planning, will be key to reduce risks faced by Haitian urban dwellers. The report aims at promoting a debate on the future of Haitian cities and identifies priority areas for action that can generate better services and opportunities for Haitians."
The report proposes three options to strengthen resilience in cities and improve opportunities for urban dwellers:
Download the World Bank report (PDF, more than 200 pages) : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/Haiti-Urbanization-Review-en.pdf