Haiti - FLASH : UN warns of high risk of major unrest in Haiti
Keita, who presented the latest report of the Secretary-General on Minujusth https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/N1826388.pdf recalled the outbreak of violence, with loss of life and destruction, which hit the country last July https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-25055-haiti-flash-heavy-balance-of-riots.html 1148/5000
following the abolition of subsidies on petroleum products, leading in particular to an increase in the price of kerosene by 38% regretting that "Since the July violence, the Haitian authorities have not tried to remedy the root causes of the precarious social conditions, while the process of ratification by Parliament of the statement of general policy of the appointed Prime Minister and taking office of the new Government are pending."
The Assistant Secretary-General also pointed to popular resentment fueled by revelations about the alleged benefits of officials and the debate over the questionable use of PetroCaribe funds and gangs in the capital that continue to put the Haitian National Police to the test.
Keita then referred to the remaining challenges to the smooth transition to a United Nations presence in Haiti other than a peacekeeping operation by 15 October 2019. The report includes as an annex the 46 indicators selected for monitor the progress made in implementing a Minujusth exit strategy as desired by the Council.
In particular, she deplored the slow progress in the adoption of laws aimed at improving access to justice and the functioning of the prison administration. The Under-Secretary finally stressed the need to fully implement the development plan of the Haitian National Police, to improve the professionalism of police officers, as well as their number. highlighting "[...] the rate of policeman per 1,000 inhabitants fell to 1.32 due in particular to resignations."
Delegations expressed some skepticism about this transition to another form of UN presence by next year, with the United Kingdom saying the number of police officers was "alarming".
Calling on the Haitian authorities to "take full control of the disturbances to public order" and to "avoid any politicization" of the police, France called for a "responsible" withdrawal from Minujusth based on a clear assessment of the situation on the ground.
Poland warned against "a limitation too much or too early" of the UN presence in Haiti, while the Ivory Coast delegation said that "the success of the withdrawal strategy of Minujusth passes inevitably through close collaboration between the different stakeholders".
Ambassador Denis Régis, Permanent Representative of Haiti to the UN was reassuring in his speech, saying that the July crisis has been overcome "Public institutions have demonstrated their maturity", stating that the new Government will have as priorities the organization of elections scheduled for October 2019 and the intensification of the fight against corruption, affirming "Haiti also continues to make sustained efforts to strengthen the rule of law, the justice system and the promotion of human rights" reiterating the commitment of the Haitian authorities to ensure a smooth transition from Minujust to a United Nations presence that is no longer focused on the maintenance of peace.
Download the Secretary General's Report on Minujusth : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/N1826388.pdf