Haiti - FLASH : Global acute malnutrition rate in Haiti up by 33%
Global acute malnutrition which groups together severe and moderate acute malnutrition rates is increasing in 6 departments in 11 areas surveyed, namely the Metropolitan Area (6.5%), the West (6 %), the Southeast (5.6%), the North (5.5%), the Northeast (5.4%) and Grand-Anse (5%).
Severe acute malnutrition is 2.1% in Haiti, slightly exceeding the emergency threshold of 2% set by the World Health Organization, against 0.8% of the EMMUS VI. Chronic malnutrition is 22.7%, slightly up from 22% of EMMUS VI. The Metropolitan Area also has a worrying severe acute malnutrition rate of 2.5% (25% above the WHO emergency threshold)
"We must hasten our steps towards achieving the objective of sustainable development 2, which commands us by 2030, to eliminate hunger, ensure food security, improve nutrition and finally promote agriculture. To this end, there is an urgent need to strengthen the coordination of all stakeholders and to consolidate our multisectoral approach. This will allow us to achieve more significant results in the short time that remains," said Greta Roy Clément, the Minister of Health during the presentation of the preliminary results.
"While the nutritional situation of children is more worrying, we are seeing funding dwindling, causing the withdrawal of many partners specializing in the treatment of acute malnutrition. We hope that the new data revealed by the survey will serve to draw more attention to the fight against malnutrition [...] I appeal to partners, donors and all stakeholders to increase resources and redouble efforts to continue to effectively fight malnutrition in Haiti," said Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF Director of Emergency Programs.
UNICEF recalls that malnutrition can have irreversible effects on a child's growth, development and well-being. Stunting in the first 1,000 days of life is associated with poorer academic performance, not only because malnutrition impairs brain development, but also because malnourished children are more likely to get sick and miss. school. In infancy, its severe acute form of malnutrition, can cost the life of the child.
Learn more about the SMART survey :
UNICEF Haiti mobilized emergency funds from its headquarters and funding from the European Commission for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), to support the Haitian government in carrying out the SMART survey. There was a need for recent data on the nutritional status of children and women. Hence the need to conduct an anthropometric nutritional and retrospective mortality survey using the SMART methodology. The survey (conducted in 2019) selected 3,591 children from 7,828 households. The data were collected by 43 teams of 3 people and 23 supervisors who were trained by the Nutrition Department, the Studies and Programming Unit and the Department of Epidemiology, Laboratory and Research.
For more information on SMART visit : https://actionagainsthunger.ca/en/529-2/smart/