Haiti - COVID-19 : D-1, Return to school, protocol for the protection of students and teachers
The DSS specifies "This protocol respects, as much as possible, the enlightened recommendations of the Scientific Unit for the crisis management of the pandemic. It is inspired by the reflections of the two working groups of the Ministry on the reopening of classes. It is the result of discussions with experts in Education, both from the Ministry and from the private sector. And has been enriched by other protocols drawn up by certain developed and developing countries."
Extracts from the protocol and the measures it contain s:
Class size and physical distancing
The number of students per classroom should now not exceed 25 to 30 at most. The distance of one meter between them and between them and the teacher, will be respected frontally and laterally. The benches or chairs will be arranged in a semi-circular arc or in parallel while respecting this standard of capital importance. Otherwise, the lessons will be given either in rotation (3 days per week for one group, 3 others for another, including the weekend) or in double shift (morning and afternoon) [...] The classroom should by elsewhere be well ventilated or ventilated. Outdoor education will be encouraged as much as possible [...] Students should constantly be encouraged to cough or sneeze into their elbows in order to protect each other.
Hand washing :
It is imperative for students and teachers before entering the classroom, after recess and before leaving school. It is achieved by standing in line. The use of hydrochloride solution is mostly reserved for adults. Hand washing with soap will be carried out collectively, in rows, in small successive groups: when arriving at school, before returning to class and before and after recess, when entering the room.
It will also be done after sneezing or coughing, even if these last two gestures must be done at the elbow. It is recommended that you do not wipe your hands and allow them to air dry.
Wearing a mask or visor :
The masks are reserved for adults and schoolchildren over 12 years old. A number, suitable for children, should be distributed by the Haitian State, in schools, well before the start of the school year. The visor is a more attractive alternative to the mask as the State can ensure its constant availability. It is imperative to wear a mask or visor when you are in a group, especially in public transport. They are optional in the classroom if the rules relating to size and physical distancing are followed. Children with bronchitis, sinusitis, asthma, heart disease should not wear it. Never wear a mask during recess, during exercise, due to the possibility of hypoxia. Recess will be sequential in order to avoid the mixing of classes, which could eventually promote the circulation of the virus. It will be performed by level or by class, depending on the number of students, and will last 10 to 15 minutes. It is a moment of socialization essential for the physical and psychological balance of the child and the young person.
Transportation of schoolchildren :
The transport of schoolchildren, in uniform, back and forth, will be provided as much as possible by the 'Dignité' buses. Other, private buses may be hired for this purpose by the State. The rules of physical distancing and the mask will be strictly enforced. [...]
Medical and psychological care :
Any student, teacher or other school staff presenting, during school hours, an urgent health problem of any kind, must be discreetly referred to the school administration who will call 20 20 or 116. A special corridor will be set up for this purpose with the MSPP, in particular the Department of Organization of Services (DOS), while notifying relatives for follow-up [...] If it is a suspicious case or proven of Covid-19, the child will be placed in quarantine, will undergo the screening test (PCR) accompanied by pre and post-test advice and this in the strictest confidentiality to prevent stigma, discrimination and violence. [...]"
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