Haiti - FLASH : Report #5 on political instability and the situation of insecurity (OCHA) - HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7

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Haiti - FLASH : Report #5 on political instability and the situation of insecurity (OCHA)
16/07/2021 08:59:31

Haiti - FLASH : Report #5 on political instability and the situation of insecurity (OCHA)
This humanitarian situation report #5 from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) covers the period from July 1 to 14, 2021 and is based on the information and data available. The next report will be published around July 9.

Overview of the situation :
During the night of 6-7 July, the Haitian President, Jovenel Moïse, was assassinated at his private residence in Port-au-Prince, during an attack in which the First Lady, Martine Moïse, was also severely injured. https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34162-haiti-flash-president-jovenel-moise-assassinated-by-mercenaries-official-updated-7am-+-video.html

The next morning, Claude Joseph announced his leadership as Interim Prime Minister and issued an executive order instating a state of siege https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34168-haiti-flash-the-state-of-siege-is-declared-in-haiti.html for 15 days, as well as a national mourning from 8 to 22 July https://www.icihaiti.com/en/news-34182-icihaiti-assassination-of-president-moise-15-days-of-national-mourning-text-of-the-decree.html . He also declared the application of article 149 of the constitution that states that the Council of ministers ensures the continuity of the state https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34165-haiti-assassination-of-jovenel-moise-what-says-the-constitution.html [...]

At the same time, Mr. Ariel Henry, appointed by Jovenel Moïse https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34163-haiti-flash-closure-of-the-airport.html prior to his passing as the incoming Prime Minister, also presented himself as leader of the government. Engagements between Henry and Joseph are ongoing to identify a solution to the current political situation.

The international airport Toussaint Louverture, public and private institutions, commercial banks and other businesses were all closed on 7 and 8 July. During the day of July 7, shootings, burning tires and roadblocks were reported in several parts of the country, including Pétion-Ville, the commune where the president was assassinated. On 8 July, the Dominican Republic closed its borders to Haiti. https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34179-haiti-dr-decisions-of-the-security-council-for-the-strengthening-of-the-border-with-haiti.html

While the situation has been relatively calm, the security situation remains precarious. Ongoing gang violence is a persistent concern. Tensions and shootings in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince have resurfaced. On 10 and 11 July, two separate gang-related incidents took place in Fontamara and Bas Delmas, resulting in the injury and death of an unconfirmed number of people and new displacements. Delivery of key commodities, such as available fuel stocks from ports to gas stations, is hindered by the continued gang-related insecurity https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34142-haiti-news-zapping.html

Pursuant to the current situation, increases in food prices, the availability of fresh produce in the markets, and the impact on the supply chain of goods, i.e. shortages of gasoline and diesel have worsened. The closure of the Dominican Republic border with Haiti following the president’s assassination further exacerbated the situation.

Meanwhile, the resurgence of COVID-19 remains a threat to the population. According to the Ministry of Health (MSPP), as of 6 July, 19,374 cases have been officially reported with 487 associated deaths since the beginning of the pandemic https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34240-haiti-diaspora-covid-19-daily-bulletin-482.html . Although the number of positive cases related to the third wave is slowly starting to decrease and a slight decrease in the number of hospitalizations is reported, the capacity to detect and treat COVID-19 cases remains limited, and is sometimes restricted by movement restrictions due to ongoing gang violence and insecurity. Delays in reporting new cases are also expected due to technical problems with testing supplies [...]

Key figures :
1.5M people affected :
1.1M Martissant, Bas-Delmas, Saint-Martin, Bel’Air, Cité Soleil
400K in southern departments

1.1M people in need of assistance :

15.5K IDPs since June 2021
1.1M people without access to essential services in Martissant, Bas-Delmas, Saint Martin, Bel’Air, Cité Soleil

214K targeted for emergency assistance :

5.3K IDPs in organized sites
2.5KIDPs in spontaneous sites
206.2K people without access to essential services in Martissant, Bas-Delmas, Saint Martin, Bel’Air, Cité Soleil areas

19K internally displaced :

Bel’Air: 1,242(IOM, Aug 2020)from Tabarre Issa: 2,160 (IOM, Mar 2021)

Since June 2021:
Toussaint Brave: 413 (IOM)
Carrefour (Sports Centre): 855 (IOM)
Eglise Saint Yves: 1,110 (IOM)
Delmas 103: 315 (IOM)
Delmas 2 (Salvation Army): 1357 (tbc)
Delmas 2 (Ecole Komiked): 1,000 (tbc)
Delmas 4: 1,500 (tbc)
Saint Martin/Delmas 2: 2,500 (tbc)
Miragoâne: 32 (tbc)
People separated from families: 940 (IOM)
Others: 5,110 (estimates within host families and other departments) Cité Soleil: 450(tbc)

See also :

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