Haiti - Health : 40% of total deliveries in Dominican public hospitals are Haitian
In 2019, 117,507 deliveries were carried out nationwide 76% Dominican and 23% Haitian (27,984 births).
In 2020, 111,090 deliveries were carried out nationwide 72.5% Dominican and 27.20% Haitian (30,322 births).
In 2021, (partial figure as of September 2021) 82,521 births were carried out nationally 70% Dominican and 30% Haitian (24,376 births). The trend for daily births (January to September) in public hospitals was 159 deliveries for Dominican women and 88 deliveries for Haitian women.
If the trend continues by the end of 2021, the number of births to Haitian women could rise to 36,000, or 40% of all deliveries carried out in public hospitals in the Republic Dominican
The provinces most affected by this phenomenon are the District Nacional, Santo-Domingo, Santiago, Altagracia and Valverde.
According to the report of the Dominican Ministry of Health, Haitian nationals pay for a birth 25,000 Gourdes in Haiti, or 252 US dollars (conversion rate Sept 13, 2021). In the Dominican Republic, childbirth in public hospitals is fully assumed by the Dominican State. "This is why Haitian women choose to turn to our health system, in search of safe, quality and more economical care"
Each natural birth costs 5,348 pesos and cesarean sections 10,917 pesos. Citing as an example the case of the Estrella Ureña hospital in Santiago, which for the first 9 months of 2021 invested more than 14 million pesos to cover Caesarean sections and natural childbirths for Haitian women (1,436 natural childbirths and 591 Caesarean sections) to which is added the cost of complications for Haitian women indicates the report which underlines "The severity of the state of health of Haitian patients is much higher compared to Dominican women, because of their lifestyle. They suffer from anemia, they do not do timely prenatal check-ups, forcing some patients to be admitted to intensive care, consuming more than 1 million to 2 million pesos if they require respiratory assistance laboratory tests, medicines, among others..."
In addition Jesús Vásquez Martínez, the Minister of the Interior and the Police referring to the case of Haitian women who come to give birth in the Dominican Republic reiterated Sunday November 14 that "[...] the country is unable to provide assistance to the large number of Haitian women in labor who arrive in the country [...] The Dominican State is not able to solve the problems of Dominicans and Haitians together, it should be understood that from now on only emergency cases will be taken care of in the Republic Dominican [for Haitians in an irregular migratory situation https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-35171-haiti-dom-rep-end-of-health-services-to-illegal-haitians-except-in-emergencies.html], other cases, it is Haiti which has to endure this problem [...]" concluding "We have a commitment, we must respond to Dominicans and foreigners living legally in the Dominican Republic."
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