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Haiti - Politic : The crisis in Haiti discussed again at the UN Security Council
27/09/2022 11:25:25

Haiti - Politic : The crisis in Haiti discussed again at the UN Security Council
On Monday, September 26, 2022, at China's request, the UN Security Council held a public briefing on Haiti, immediately followed by private consultations behind closed doors.

China called for the meeting to discuss the unrest that erupted in Haiti after the government announced a fuel price hike on Sept. 11.

The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Dominican Republic, Canada and Haiti, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Haiti and Head of the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH) spoke on Monday. Helen La Lime, Deputy Executive Director of the World Food Program (WFP), Valérie Guarnieri, and Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Ghada Fathi Waly.

Excerpts from the Speech by Helen La Lime, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General in Haiti :
"Over the past several weeks, three crises have begun to intersect in altogether new and frightening ways in Haiti. A gang crisis continues to violently disrupt daily life, driving more than 20,000 people from their homes. An economic crisis has the country in a stranglehold, with Haitians facing soaring food prices, and fuel often available only on the black market. And as these trials play out, and Haitians exercise their legitimate right to protest, political stakeholders are still struggling to find common ground and define a path to elections.

Throughout this crisis, I have maintained my good offices efforts with all sectors of Haitian society and encouraged all to engage in a broad, open and constructive dialogue. While so-far inconclusive efforts have led to a perceived stalemate, national stakeholders have begun to re-engage with a renewed sense of urgency. In the past weeks, Government representatives, political groups, and civil society organizations launched new consultations on ways to forge a wider consensus on a path towards elections.

It is also encouraging to see private sector leaders starting to come together pledging to meet their respective fiscal and legal responsibilities. Sustained increases in revenues, and progress on issues such as subsidies and customs revenue, will be the clearest sign that this commitment is being met by all sides.

The current unrest has put a major focus on the Haitian National Police: the HNP has truly been put to the test. The hard work demonstrated to remove roadblocks and restore some semblance of freedom of movement for the population has elicited a degree of trust in their capacities. While some barricades are quickly re-erected, the institution's response has demonstrated how far they have come. However, whole neighbourhoods remain unpoliced; and the chronic situation at the Varreux fuel terminal threatens to highlight the very real limits of the national force.

I am grateful to those donors who engaged early with the Joint Programme in Support of the Haitian National Police, known as the 'Basket Fund'. I urge international partners to continue meeting regularly, as we did last week (on 23 September), to generate more support for the Basket Fund. Investment in institutions, infrastructure and human capital is key.

An economic crisis, a gang crisis, and a political crisis have converged into a humanitarian catastrophe. We must not lose hope, but rather combine our efforts to find a pathway to a better tomorrow. A Haitian-led political solution is the first necessary step to address the current crisis. To support Haitians in their effort towards a better future, this Council must take urgent action."

Excerpts from the intervention of Ambassador Jeffrey DeLaurentis Senior Adviser for Special Political Affairs of the United States Mission to the United Nations :

"[...] The United States certainly recognizes the ability to gather and protest is fundamental in any democracy.  That said, we strongly condemn acts of violence, looting, and destruction that have recently occurred in Haiti. We were dismayed by the looting that took place at a WFP warehouse in Gonaives on September 15, resulting in the loss of over $1 million of food supplies, and the looting of WFP and IOM supplies from a UNOPS warehouse in Les Cayes last week.

We call on all Haitians to express their views in a peaceful manner, one that protects humanitarian actors, respects law enforcement, and allows unfettered access to food, water, and medical care for Haitians.

We all know that security in Haiti has worsened over the past year as criminal gangs continue to ravage parts of the country, leading to many killings and kidnappings. We are concerned with the significant deterioration in the independence and operational ability of the judiciary and the apparent evidence of widespread impunity reserved for elite members of the Haitian population.


These struggles continue to remind us of the importance of providing support to the Haitian National Police. We are firmly committed to efforts to strengthen the HNP’s capacity to counter gangs, including community-based efforts to deter gang recruitment, the deployment of additional anti-gang subject matter experts, and support to build the HNP’s anti-gang strategic planning, organizational, and operational capacities. And we will procure more equipment for the HNP, like protective gear and new vehicles.

Over the past 18 months, the United States has provided more than $80 million in assistance to the HNP. Just last week, we provided emergency supplies to help the HNP maintain its operations in the face of violent unrest.


Given the seriousness of the situation, we will continue to expedite our security assistance to Haiti. We are about to start vetting the first 100 candidates of our SWAT training program. We expect training will be well underway by later this fall. We see this as a key component of our joint efforts – of the efforts of all of us – to support Haiti-led solutions. The international community must continue its support to turn the tide of Haiti’s extremely serious security environment before it is too late. Because the people of Haiti need security before they can make political progress. They need security before they can make economic progress. And they need security so they can receive humanitarian aid.

As we know, gang elements and those who fund them are creating a deeply destabilizing environment in Haiti. The international community must help Haiti respond and this Council must act. To that end, building on UN Security Council Resolution 2645, we are working with our close partner and co-penholder Mexico on a draft resolution proposing specific measures to enable the Security Council to address the many challenges facing the people of Haiti. We are aiming to circulate a draft in the coming days. [...]"

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