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Haiti - Insecurity : More than 8,000 victims of violence in 11 months
This situation of extreme violence is the consequence of the activities of some 300 gangs active mainly in the capital, which are creating a climate of terror, said the UN Coordinator in Haiti.
According to recent information from the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH) nearly 80% of the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince is either under the influence of armed gangs or directly controlled by them "These gangs are very armed , and form coalitions between them with a certain strategy and know-how which makes the situation very complex,” lamented Ms. Richardson, emphasizing “Women and children are the main victims of violence. Gangs recruit minors for their operations, notably as informants or as guards of kidnapped people.,,,"
Armed groups also use brutal and gang rape against women as a weapon of war.
Figures from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights confirm the increase in violence. Since January 2023 until today, more than 8,000 victims (3,960 dead, 1,432 injured and 2,951 kidnapped), far exceeding the number of victims in all of 2022.
She deplores the limited state capacities which prevent victims from relying on justice, which means that most of these crimes go unpunished...
Furthermore, according to the latest estimates from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), nearly 200,000 people have been displaced due to violence over the past year, including more than 143,000 in the Port-au-Pri ce ncw region . -Prince.
In addition to the security issue, BINUH also fears that the entire Haitian health system is on the verge of collapse. Healthcare facilities are now struggling to stay open due to a lack of funding and an exodus of qualified staff.
Finally, the education of millions of children is threatened. For thousands of students, 2023 marks the 4th consecutive year of interruption of the school year…
Asked about the intervention of the Multinational Security Support Mission (MMSS) she replied “[…] it is very difficult to have an estimate of when they will arrive in Haiti, it depends on Kenyan justice and of course many other elements such as financing, but we hope that they can arrive during the first quarter of 2024"
Remember that the deployment of the MMSS remains suspended by the Nairobi High Court which is examining an appeal filed by opponent Ekuru Aukot, former defeated presidential candidate https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-40701-haiti-politic-the-high-court-of-kenya-suspends-for-2-weeks-the-deployment-of-the-mission-in-haiti.html . According to the High Court judge, Me Chacha Mwita, the court will rule on this appeal on January 26, 2024 https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-40994-haiti-flash-the-kenyan-parliament-approves-the-sending-of-1-000-police-officers-to-support-the-pnh-but.html
Stating "In the meantime, the Kenyans are preparing intensively for the future mission, which does not depend on the UN.*
Regarding her tour in Europe, she indicated that the responses she received were *very positive". "The countries confirm and reconfirm their intention to remain engaged in Haiti. There is a concern that provokes a reaction of solidarity,” she said. "With appropriate and sustainable investments, we can allow Haiti to once again be a symbol of freedom, dignity and prosperity for the world," concluded Ms. Richardson.