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Haiti - Reconstruction : Project 16/6 one year later
08/10/2012 10:23:46

Haiti - Reconstruction : Project 16/6 one year later
To cope with the post-earthquake situation, which resulted in the displacement of up to 1, 5 million people, the Presidency decided to implement, on September 30, 2011, the Project 16/6. In addition to the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the affected neighborhoods of the capital, this pilot project also seeks to improve the living conditions of inhabitants of affected areas, including the establishment of income-generating activities.

Funded by the Haiti Reconstruction Fund (HRF), the project 16/6 [16 neighborhood / 6 camps] was initially intended to allow the closure of 6 IDPs camps and facilitate the return of nearly 5,000 families in 16 neighborhoods of origin in Port-au-Prince, Delmas and Petion-Ville. But, thanks to the establishment of an effective organization, it is not 6, but 50 IDP camps that were finally closed. This program has thus helped to accompany the return in their neighborhood of origin, of nearly 44,000 IDPs of the metropolitan area.

This pilot project will allow, ultimately, to repair and rebuild nearly 1,600 homes by the end of 2013. So far, 416 houses classified yellow (damaged) have been repaired following the guidelines of the "Guide de réparation des petits bâtiments en Haïti" published by the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communications (MTPTC).

The other part of the housing component is the construction of new houses to replace houses classified red (dangerous), in areas that are not at seismic risk. the construction of its new homes have started, while following international standards.

The repair or reconstruction of these houses is not free, but partly subsidized. Beneficiary families with low incomes will still have access to a system of housing credit. The construction of the first houses has already begun in Morne Hercule. Through the curriculum "Apprendre Pour Reconstruire Ayiti Solide" (APRAS), 60 certified trainers will train nearly 1,000 workers gradually, according to the programs approved by the National Institute for Vocational Training (INFP) and MTPTC. Workers certified will be primarily recruited locally to allow an improvement of living conditions in the affected areas.

The component concerning the rehabilitation of community infrastructure consists to the implementation of a series of interventions aimed at providing basic services to people in affected areas. Roads, staircases, corridors, networks of water, sanitation and electricity are being rehabilitated. The selection of priorities for future work is always done in collaboration with community platforms, such as during the rehabilitation of the road Charlemagne Péralte in Morne Hercule.

The project 16/6 supports the institutions of the Haitian State to revive economic activity of neighborhoods by systematically integrating local actors and by strengthening micro-finance institutions and the business support.

1.000 Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) will benefit from micro-credit, and/or a vocational training in technical and business management. This measure should allow the creation or consolidation of nearly 2,000 jobs in the zones of 16/6. Meanwhile, the Development Programme of Providers (PDF), established in June 2012 in collaboration with the Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Haiti, to connect large companies with existing MSMEs of neighborhood of 16/6, increases the competitiveness of MSMEs, as well as the creation and maintenance of decent jobs in Haiti. Through all of these programs, of stakeholders of stakeholders 16/6 seek to encourage the systematic access to the vocational training for Haitian women and persons with disabilities.

This positive dynamic has been made possible through a constant involvement of the President and the Government, and by an effective cooperation between the United Nations agencies and their partners: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the United Nations Office for Project Support Services (UNOPS) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

The project 16/6, which ends at the end of 2013, will enable thousands of Haitian families to live in housing strong and durable, and will create many decent jobs.

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