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Haiti - Agriculture : The 2013-2014 agricultural year promises to be good
For cons, the fiscal year (October 2012-September 2013) was completed with good productions correcting the losses observed in October 2012 after the passage of Sandy.
The evolution of production 2013-2014 in cereal equivalent, indicating an increase of 33% over 2012-2013 but below 11% of the year 2009-2010 [which was a very good year].
Production 2013-2014 :
Total Cereal + 46% (350.348 tonnes) Total Pulses + 13% (175.945 tonnes) Total tubers +27% (369.876 tonnes) total Bananas and plantain +40% (105.677 tonnes) for an average of +33% ( 1millions , 485.700 tonnes) [the calculation of these estimates is based on the coefficient "Ton Equivalent Cereal" (TEC)].
Overall, considering the surface of maize, beans, pigeon peas, bananas and tubers, about 75% of the agricultural area, usually dedicated to the spring season, delivered a good production in spring and summer. Programs for local purchases established by the Ede Pèp program, WFP, private enterprise Ti-Malice encouraged producers to invest more.
The Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry for the Promotion of the peasantry and the various partners (FAO, Winner, ACDI-VOCA, IICA, RESEPAG, other programs, etc..) have put at the disposal of producers a volume of seed at planting. Several seed fairs were held. However, seeds are insufficient to meet the expectations of producers whose stock was low due to the drought of 2012 and the damage caused by the passage of Isaac and Sandy. Producers have be obliged to complete the inputs according to their purchasing power, sourcing market. The fertilizer was reached between 800 and 900 gourdes per 45 kg bag.
Limiting factors of the spring 2013 season are structural: the poor performance of the plant material, the low fertility of much of degraded soils, low resources of the producer to complete the grants received from MARNDR and its partners , low labor productivity.
CNSA states that these estimates for the 2013-2014 year were made by assuming that the summer and autumn-winter enjoy favorable production conditions, without heavy losses.