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Haiti - Education : Exam results disappointing, the Minister Manigat announced a package of measures
In his speech, the President Martelly stressed that "[...] This is serious because of the prevailing situation in our educational system for decades. The poor results in national examinations are a constant, except that this year, it explodes in our eyes because the results are known school by school," and announced that the Ministry of Education will implement 12 bold measures to redress the balance.
Excerpts from the statement of President Martelly :
"[...] This is serious and the moment historic. This is serious because of the prevailing situation in our educational system for decades. The poor results in national examinations are a constant, except that this year, it explodes in our eyes because the results are known school by school.
No responsible leader can not be satisfied when nearly 25% of students in the sixth year fundamental, 28% of 9th year fundamental fail in national examinations. The situation is worse in the secondary when, for over 30 years, year after year, 70% of students 'Rhéto (Bac1)' and 50% of students 'Philo, (Bac 2)' fail.
This is also a solemn moment, as it is for us to break with these practices which, year after year, just acknowledge the failure, to reject it eventually on these students.
It came time for a major review of national consciousness and especially the time of major decisions, beyond the partisan battles.
That is why I have instructed my Minister of Education to take bold measures, historical and I would like to express my full support to the main lines that he will announce so that finally the Haitian school is a school of success.
Upon my election as President, I wanted to make education a cornerstone of government policy by launching the program free and compulsory universal schooling. Today, the latest statistics show that we are on the right track since the net enrollment rate for the first two cycles of the fundamental is estimated at 88%. We will spare no effort to consolidate, strengthen and energize the PSUGO, including through upgrading and expansion of public provision of education.
I am convinced that the quality of education is one of the important levers that will improve the economic and social conditions of the population and ensure the sustainability of social inclusion desired by my government.
Thus, a single watchword for the coming academic year: 'Cap sur la qualité' 'Kalite tèt dwat'.
Therefore, at the next Council of Ministers, the measures announced today will be a resolution of the Council and will result in the promulgation of a presidential decree. [...]"
The 12 measures of the Ministry of Education :
The Ministry of Education with the support of President Martelly announced 12 measures to redress the balance in the Haitian education system.
"1. As of the 2014-2015 school year, classroom access is conditioned by holding a teaching license, mandatory for any monitor intervening at the pre-school and every teacher at the fundamental , secondary and professional in all Haitian schools. MENFP gives each teacher in the public and non-public sectors, duly recorded between 8 and 30 September 2014, a provisional license to teach (PPE). The PPE is valid for a period of two (2) years. It will be renewed after requalification through ongoing training and / or verification that the teacher has an academic degree and proven experience. It must also demonstrate skills relevant to the reference of teacher trade defined by the MENFP.
2. All institutions of the levels: preschool, primary, secondary and professional, public and non-public sectors, must be provided with an identity card of establishment. MENFP will grant institutions duly recorded between 8 and 30 September 2014 an 'Identity card of establishment (ICE)'. This document will be required for any transactions with MENFP. No school will be allowed to operate without the CIE. For institutions that do not have licensed, the CIE opens the way to recognition by the MENFP. Obtaining the CIE by a school does not mean operating permit, This must be achieved in a period not exceeding (2) years. Otherwise, the institution will not be allowed to operate.
3. In accordance with the Decree of 30 March 1982 on the reform of the Haitian education system, the evaluation of learning at the end of the sixth year fundamental is provided by schools from the 2014-2015 school year. Decisions at the end of the year are transmitted to school inspection in the manner and within the time set by the administration. MENFP organizes targeted national evaluations, from the fourth year of fundamental on core subjects.
3.1. Will be carried out regular audits of evaluation systems put in place by the institutions of fundamental level subject to sanctions for them not meeting the specifications.
4. In accordance with the Decree of 30 March 1982 on the reform of the Haitian education system, secondary schools organize student evaluation from the 1st class (commonly known class of rhéto) from the 2014-2015 school year. MENFP organizes for the ast year of secondary school a unique formal evaluation of completion of secondary education.
4.1. Students of the promotion of rhéto 2013-2014 and promotions from previous years that failed to state examinations must repeat and pass that class in a schoolrecognized by the MENFP as a condition of participation in the final exams of secondary school.
4.2. The Permanent Bachelor established by presidential decree of March 26, 2007 remains in effect and applies only to candidates that failed in the final classes of 2013 to 2014 and prior years on terms to be determined by the National Bureau of state exams (BUNEXE ).
4.3. It will carry out regular audits of the rating systems developed by the Secondary Schools subject to sanctions against those who they do not meet the specifications.
5. The lycées of the Republic will ensure now and only teaching of secondary level. The teachings of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd cycles of fundamental are taught in basic education institutions. The implementation of this measure will be phased according to a plan developed in consultation with the Departmental Directorates of Education, Department of Secondary Education and the Department of Basic Education. Secondary school and lycées must comply with the expected number of teaching hours according to their status. As for the so-called full-time teachers, their work hours are devoted to teaching in the classroom and mentoring of pupils and other tasks as agreed with the administration of the institution. School directors and censors of study must arrange for the strict application of these measures.
6. Public schools and subsidized schools, whose success rate for official exams is less than or equal to 20% are automatically placed under the supervision of an Interim Management Committee responsible to help them for two consecutive years by accompanying the Director and teachers to improve the level of student achievement.
7. Under the program free and compulsory universal education (PSUGO) only public schools are allowed (unlessformal waiver of MENFP) to welcome the new cohort in the first year fundamental from 2014 to 2015. Children already in the school throughout the PSUGO normally continue their course of study.
8. In accordance with the decree of 11 September 1974 on the opening of a private school, no new institution is allowed to open its doors, from the academic year 2014-2015, without authorization, prior of MENFP. This provision applies strict and immediate.
9. All teachers paid from the budget of MENFP and eligible for civil pension are encouraged to exercise their right to retire in accordance with the laws governing the subject (age and years of service).
10. After a year of internship, graduates of Écoles normales supérieures (ENS), normal schools teachers (ENI), centers of Accelerated initial training (FIA), of Training center for elementary education (CFEF) and specialized institutions in science of education have priority in further recruitment of teachers.
11. Together with the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP), the MENFP conducting an annual vaccination campaign at the opening of classes for pupils.
12. At the end of the school year, a rewards device is set up to recognize for each Department of Education, the schools, district inspectors and of zone, principals, teachers and top performers directors. Of these departmental groups is extracted a list of those who have distinguished themselves nationally."
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