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Haiti - Politic : Sandra Honoré denounces, Mirlande Manigat defends G6 against critics of the UN
"The last time I made a presentation to the Security Council in March 2014, the political momentum created by the inter-Haitian dialogue resulting from the signing of the El Rancho agreement raised hopes that elections can be organized by the end of 2014 to fill the two-thirds of the seats in the Senate, all seats in the Chamber of Deputies and those of municipal governments and local councils," recalled Mrs. Honoré in a presentation to the members of the Security Council.
"Since then, the continuation of mistrust and disagreements over the electoral process between the executive and members of the opposition within the legislature resulted in repeated delays in the implementation of the agreement," she added. A group of six senators is blocking inter alia any agreement on the legal framework that would allow the organization of elections.
Mrs Honoré noted recent new attempts to break the deadlock. "However, given the time needed for logistical arrangements, the window to hold elections before the end of the year is now closed quickly," she said. "This is particularly worrying as without elections, Parliament will not function on January 12, creating an institutional vacuum until the elections are held and a new legislature is installed."
Several representatives of the delegations to the Council expressed concern at the deadlock in the electoral process after the Agreement El Rancho.
François Delattre associating himself with the European Union Delegation and the Group of Friends of Haiti, pointed out that the country’s situation contrasted with most problems that came before the Council. Opportunities existed and there were proposals to remedy issues. Haiti had extricated itself from the acute crisis it had faced 10 years ago and its successes were evident. However, with none of the elections planned for 2014 being held, he underscored that democracy thrived on consistent and regular elections and that they had been postponed too often. It was essential that the electoral process resume.
Philippa Jean King urged all political actors to put aside their differences and hold them by 2015.
Russian Federation :
Petr V. Iliichev providing an overview of the political progress, expressed regret regarding the lack of necessary steps in resolving the electoral impasses. The balance of power remained "brittle" and the lack of agreement between the political bodies was of concern, he stated, urging them to make progress towards resolving the outstanding issues.
Wang Min noting progress and challenges in Haiti as outlined by the Secretary-General, said that, in order to help that country achieve stability and sustainable development, the international community should support dialogue between actors as well as timely, credible elections.
Royaume Unis :
Michael Tatham said it was disappointing to read in the report of political impasses and essential elections not being held. There would be serious consequences if transparent and democratic elections were not held, and he called for the long-overdue election to be held without further delay and for stakeholders to engage in that goal.
Samantha Power Council President, speaking in her national capacity, noted that troop contributing countries had made a significant difference in Haiti’s success. However, the recent electoral impasse was of concern. She pointed out that Haitian political leaders had worked "tirelessly" to seek a resolution to the impasse, but that six Senators were holding elections "hostage". When elected officials blocked debate they stood in the way of addressing citizens’ needs. She called on the country’s politicians to come together to pass an electoral law and respect political deadlines. It was heartening that many countries had joined that call.
Denis Régis said that the Secretary-General’s report presented a balanced picture of the situation in his country and shed light on the many achievements and challenges in the areas of stability and institution-building. The report, therefore, should enable the Security Council to make an educated decision on the future of MINUSTAH. The security situation had improved along with the capabilities of the National Police, shown by the reduction of kidnappings. Those displaced by the earthquake had finally been resettled. Cholera was being dealt with, although it had affected the country on a devastating scale. There had been clear progress since the deployment of MINUSTAH in 2004.
Guillermo E. Rishchynski said his country had a unique partnership in Haiti and would continue to contribute significantly with other partners to assist its economic growth, food security, governance, maternal health and other areas. He expressed concern, however, over the impasse over elections and called on all actors to ensure that credible polls could take place this year. His country and other donors were contributing logistical and other support but national actors must do their part.
Antonio De Aguiar Patriota said considerations should be based on the holding of elections and the strengthening of the National Police and rule of law institutions.
Gonzalo Koncke, speaking for the Group of Friends of Haiti, offering a comprehensive overview of conditions in the country, encouraged all political actors in the country to "deepen their dialogue and cooperation" towards a democratic consolidation. Free and fair legislative, municipal and local elections were essential and urgent steps towards achieving lasting stability, recovery and development in Haiti. The holding of inclusive elections in 2014 was essential for the continuity of the Parliament in 2015, for the rule of law and for the promotion of socioeconomic development, all critical to improving the living conditions of the Haitian people.
The Mission should continue to contribute to the stability and security during significant national events, such as elections, including the 2015 presidential elections.
Mme Monica Bolaños Pereza noting that the El Rancho Accord had represented progress, lamented the current environment that was impeding elections. She called on all actors to resolve the impasse, as elections were critical for the country’s lasting stability and development. In regards to recommendations the Mission’s forces be reduced by half, she stressed that measures must be avoided that "put into risk the holding of elections".
Maria Emma Mejia shared the Secretary-General’s concerns of the stalling of elections and joined the call upon those political actors to do their duty ensuring parliamentary continuity. There remained challenges, including the acceleration of the reduction of the Mission. However, she voiced concern regarding "slippage of the necessary support" for the holding of elections.
Head of the European Union Delegation, said that the Union was determined to ensure that progress in consolidating democracy and stability in Haiti remained irreversible. In that light, it had worked with other partners in the “Core Group” to encourage dialogue among political actors and bring about the compromises necessary to respect the electoral calendar fixed by the President of Haiti. The current impasse was of great concern, and he called for a consensus solution, adding that the Union would consider sending a mission of electoral experts to assist.
Roman Oyarzun associating himself with the European Union Delegation, supported dialogue as it was the only means to ending the political impasse, achieving the prompt holding of elections, and consolidating democracy in Haiti. He welcomed all efforts of the Club of Madrid and others towards that end.
Jorge Montaño expressed hope that political actors would find a way to overcome their differences in regard to the election.
Reacting to critics of the United Nations (UN), on a radio station in the capital, Mirlande Manigat Secretary General of the "Rally of Progressive National Democrats" (RDNP) [which is part of the" Patriotic Movement of Democratic l`Opposition "(MOPOD), which groups the main opposition parties] described as "Profoundly unfair that they accuse the group of six senators" accusing the UN of having "an incomplete and distorted view of reality" and do it too often misread of the Haitian reality "They are not on site. They only receive reports of foreigners and Haitians [...]" Forgetting that several members of the Councils very critics, are major donors for Haiti who have for some decades of experience on the ground in Haiti.
"We have a correction to make and I am ready to dialogue with them and let them hear a different story. Allow them to have a different assessment of the situation in Haiti," continued Mirlande Manigat "[...] international community is welcome when it as a very precise and true opinion, but not colored or unilateral abou the situation in Haiti."
Opposition Senator Jean-Baptiste Bien-Aimé, a member of G6, sees in the position of UN diplomats the result of Lobbie of the Haitian Government, saying "We want to give a political lesson to say that there are at least six senators of this legislature who want to oppose a patriotic resistance to the whims of the International and National Palace."