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Haiti - Elections : A first observation report worrying
28/09/2010 18:30:34

Haiti - Elections : A first observation report worrying
The National Network for the Defence of Human Rights (Réseau National de Défense des Droits Humains RNDDH) and the National Council election observers (Conseil National des Observations Électorales CNO) have formed a partnership which is part of the work of supervision and observation of the electoral process. To mark the official opening of the campaign, the delegation wishes to draw everyone's attention on a set of events marking the electoral process which, if not addressed in time, are likely to compromise the next election and lead a post-election crisis.

Examination of the candidatures for the Presidency
The examination of candidates for the Presidency has done in total disregard of the Haitian Constitution of 1987. Indeed, 3 August 2010, the PRC has taken a statement authorizing the illegal presidential candidates, former managers of public funds, to submit only the favorable report of the Superior Court of Auditors and Administrative Disputes (CSC / CA) in lieu of the certificate of discharge, in violation of the 1987 Constitution which provides in Title V, Chapters 2 and 3 as one of the criteria for applying for elective posts to be filled, the candidates have been relieved, where appropriate, as managers of public funds.

It is clear that the press release dated August 3, 2010 has been taken in order to facilitate the filing of nomination of officials connected to the powers that be, who were responsible for public funds. Indeed, all the candidates close to the powers that be have been approved, while some candidates have been evicted from the electoral race, despite the submission to the CEP, complete records, proving that a policy of two weights, two measures is implementation under the scrutiny of applications.

In addition, documents in the files of the candidates are only important than that wanted to grant them the CEP. In this sense, it should be noted that candidates are approved by the CEP, despite the fact that they provided non-compliant documents.

Electoral campaign
Deputies and Senators, candidates for their succession under the banner of Platform INITE, are still in possession of material for the state, normally attached to their former function. They use them to conduct their election campaign.

Furthermore, the CEP method for installing Operation Centers and Verification (Centres d’Opération et de Vérification COV) that are expected to receive reports of loss of national identification cards, to help displaced voters to choose a center stations where they would fulfill their civic duty to vote to confirm the center of potential voters and to receive reports of voter registration. The work of COV coincides closely with that of the National Identification Office (Office National de l’Identification ONI), raising the question of the importance of this newly established body. Indeed, funds for operation of COV estimated at several million U.S. dollars could be used for capacity building of the ONI.

Furthermore, to date, the response of the population vis-à-vis the rest of COV remain shy, few voters are aware of the existence of such structure or even who are imbued with its usefulness. For example, the Department of Southeast welcomes one hundred twenty five (125) COV for hundred twenty five (125) voting centers, at the rate of one COV per voting center. On six (6) COV visited Friday, September 17, 2010 by a delegation of RNDDH and the CNO, five hundred eighty eight (588) people only are registered when the COV have an average of nineteen (19) days to accompany population.

RNDDH and the CNO would like to emphasize that this is a major operation because the information collected should be directed to the Directorate of Electoral Register (Direction du Registre Electoral DRE) to be used as part of the update Partial electoral register (Liste Electorale Partielle LEP) before its publication.

It should also be noted that the electoral list, as it stands today, must imperatively be brought up to date because, after the seism of January 12th, 2010, thousands of potential voters appeared on the old electoral list have been killed .

HL/ RNDDH/ CNO

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