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Haiti - Environment : Sustainable development project in South West
The Côte Sud Initiative (CSI), which will be implemented over a period of 20 years, aims at the recovery and sustainable development of a severely degraded land area of 780 km² -- about half the size of Greater London – and a marine area of approximately 500 km².
Ten communes, with an estimated population of 205,000 people, will benefit directly from the programme, which will include reforestation, erosion control, fisheries management, mangrove rehabilitation and small business and tourism development, as well as improved access to water and sanitation, health and education.
Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director, said: "Restoring the region's environmental services will be a key step towards restoring a real and long-lasting development path for its people and a stepping stone towards a Green Economy".
"From the Mau forest complex in Kenya to Lake Faguibine in Mali and now in Haiti, UNEP and our partners are determined to demonstrate that large-scale ecosystem restoration is a cost-effective catalyst for overcoming poverty and reducing vulnerability to shocks and natural disasters," he added.
The launch of the initiative, which was made possible by an initial US$14 million in grants provided by the Government of Norway, Catholic Relief Services and the Green Family Foundation, represents an important milestone for UNEP, which designed and developed this approach with the Government and partners starting early 2009, one year before the earthquake of January 12, 2010.
"The destiny and the development of Haiti are within the hands of the Government and the people of Haiti, and the role of Norway and its international partners is simply to support them" said Mr. Erik Solheim, Norway's Minister for Environment and International Development, who took part in a launch event in Port-Salut.
"It is clear that any development in the country needs to be underpinned by the sustainable management of its natural resources. For the south of Haiti we see particular opportunities in tourism, clean energy and sustainable agriculture and are very pleased to support investments in these areas," he added.
Already prior to the devastating earthquake of January 2010, Haiti was known as the poorest, least stable and most environmentally degraded country in the Western Hemisphere. Severe poverty, food insecurity and disaster vulnerability – which are strongly interlinked with environmental issues such as deforestation, soil erosion and land and marine degradation.
The Côte Sud Initiative proposes a new approach to addressing these challenges, with a strong focus on aid coordination, national ownership and capacity-building of the Government and local partners to concurrently address the underlying drivers of poverty, environmental degradation, disaster vulnerability and the lack of access to social services.