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Haïti - Politics : Haiti has the lowest electricity consumption rates in the world
The report recalls that in 2012 only 38% of Haitian households had access to electricity "No other country has as bad results as Haiti in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region where on average, 96% of the population are covered" explaining that inside Haiti, electricity coverage rates are unequal, the differences between urban areas more than 50% and rural areas are more obvious with a very low rate of access in rural areas of 15% (90% in the capital), says the Report.
"Even if the coverage rate in urban areas is higher than 50%, Haiti has the lowest power consumption rates in the world. At the beginning of 2010, despite largely subsidized residential tariffs, per capita electricity consumption was 51 kWh, 40 times lower than average in the LAC region.
The World Bank explains that this under-consumption is "in particular the result of shortfalls in supply, monopolized by the public provider Electricité d'Haïti (EDH). For those who have a connection, electricity is only available for a certain number of hours during the day: around 15 hours in Port-au-Prince and between 5 and 9 hours elsewhere, on average. In addition, it notes "[...] while the installed capacity is between 250 and 400 megawatts (MW), the obsolete and deteriorated equipment limits the available capacity to only 244 MW."
The report points to the low level of access to electricity as one of the causes of the paralysis of local urban productivity highlighting "In large urban areas, obtaining a professional electrical connection is very expensive. Since 2009, tariffs for commercial and industrial customers (including industrial and transport) have been US $ 0.36 per Kw, which represents the high end of the distribution range in the Caribbean. The inefficient power supply of the grid by EDH led many factories and companies to generate electricity with their own polluting diesel generators, further increasing their production costs and fuel imports. "
Concluding that the cost of access to electricity procedures affects the business environment and job creation in the secondary and tertiary sectors" in Haiti.
Download the World Bank report (PDF, more than 200 pages) : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/Haiti-Urbanization-Review-en.pdf
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