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Haiti - FLASH : Ranking of the shame, Port-au-Prince the dirtiest city in the world
In terms of quality of life, Haiti is ranked 228th out of 231 countries, while in terms of sanitation Port-au-Prince is in last place (231) behind Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh (230), while Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic is 135th.
Thursday, May 24, regardless of this ranking of shame, Youri Chevry the Mayor of Port-au-Prince, well aware of the insalubrity of his city recalled in a press conference that waste management in the metropolitan area does not fall under not competences of the city hall but of the central State more precisely of the Metropolitan Service of Collection of solid residues (SMCRS). Faced with the lack of citizenship of citizens and of merchants and businesses, Mayor Chevry announced the publication of a communal decree of 5 articles, which includes drastic measures and severe fines.
Extract from the Communal Order :
Considering that the insalubrity is caused mainly by bad management of rubbish and waste;
Considering the imperative need for the municipal administration to define a normative framework with a view to regulating the management of waste generated by households and businesses operating in the boundaries of the municipality;
Considering that the Mayor wants to initiate an environmental conservation custom by empowering citizens of the municipality to keep clean and organized the public spaces;
Considering that according to article 2 of the law of 17 August 2017, on the creation, organization and functioning of the National Solid Waste Management Service (SNGRS), all activities of collection, transportation, sorting, recycling, management and waste processing are under the authority of the SNGRS and the Territorial Communities;
After deliberation, the Board of the municipality of Port-au-Prince order the following :
Article 1.- GENERAL PROVISIONS
This order is adopted to regulate the management of urban waste in the municipality of Port-au-Prince, such as:
Article 2.- PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO HOUSEHOLDS
1. It is forbidden for any individual or institution to deposit, pile up waste on public roads or in public spaces not dedicated for this purpose by the City Council.
2. The household waste will be stored and handed to the agents of the City Council during the collection of waste by the trucks of the Municipal Administration according to the schedule indicated for the zone or block.
3. A notice of the Town Hall will specify the places fixed for the assembly of the waste by zone of residence.
Article 3.- PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO COMPANIES
1. Supermarkets and restaurants shall be required to store in a well-protected container any spoiled products, waste and any other items considered as unusable waste used in the manufacture or preservation of their products.
2. It is a requirement of any owner of commercial activities likely to generate waste, either by their staff or by their customers, to put rubbish bins available for each surface area of 4 m2.
3. Business owners are formally prohibited from disposing of garbage and rubbish resulting from the activities of their services on public roads. This prohibition also applies to residues from building materials, repairs and display debris.
4. All commercial, industrial, agricultural or other enterprises are required to submit the name, address and contact details of the company responsible for collecting waste within their establishment. For this purpose, each company operating in the municipality must complete a file at the Town Hall within a period not exceeding three (3) months after the publication of this decree.
Article 4.- PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO COMPANIES SPECIALIZED IN THE COLLECTION OF WASTE
1. To carry out their activities in the territory of the municipality, companies specialized in the collection of waste must be registered in the Town Hall.
2. Any company carrying out waste collection activities in the municipality without the authorization of the City Council will be prohibited from functioning.
3. The companies authorized to collect waste for the accounts of commercial, agricultural, industrial or other enterprises will have to dispose of this waste in the sites indicated by the Town Hall for this purpose (Truitiers and others).
Article 5.- APPLICABLE SANCTIONS
The violation of the provisions of this decree entails the following sanctions against offenders:
In case of violation of the provisions of article 2, the offender is liable to a fine of ten thousand (10,000) gourdes
In case of violation of the provisions of articles 3 and 4, the offender is liable to a fine of fifty (50,000) gourdes.
Given by us, at the Town Hall of Port-au-Prince, the sixteenth of May two thousand and eighteen, the 215th of Independence.
Ralph Youri Chevry
HL/ S/ HaitiLibre