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Haiti - Politic : UN recommends the creation of a Special Political Mission in Haiti
To replace it for a period of one year, beginning on 16 October 2019 and with the approval of the Haitian authorities, the Secretary-General "[...] recommends to the Security Council to approve the establishment of a special political mission [whose size remains to be defined] led by a special representative of the Secretary-General. [...] Its mandate would be to provide good offices and advise the Government in specific areas such as political reform, elections, justice, prison system, police development, violence reduction and human rights," said Guterres.
Extract from the report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Support of Justice in Haiti :
"The risks for renewed instability arising from the political, security, human rights, economic and humanitarian challenges outlined above have been carefully considered in assessing the timeframe for the conclusion of the peacekeeping chapter and the preferred post-peacekeeping presence in Haiti.As seen in the recent crisis, it is clear that, while national capacities to handle internal threats to security and public order are considerable, the key to preventing relapses lies at the political level, and political stability in the country should continue to be nurtured. Similarly, as a number of the objectives set in the two-year exit strategy of MINUJUSTH relating to the rule of law and human rights are not expected to be fully achieved by October 2019, the continuation of efforts in related sectors will remain critical for achieving the benchmarks’ end state articulated in my report.
In the light of the above, the strategic assessment mission discussed with President Moïse and his Government the duration of the MINUJUSTH mandate, foreseen by the Council to end no sooner than October 2019, as well as options for a United Nations configuration that best corresponds to the current situation on the ground, taking into account its significant evolution since 2004. Two broad models, and their variations, were considered: transition to a special political mission which, under different degrees and formats, would offer varying political and advisory capacities alongside the technical and programmatic support provided by the United Nations country team; and transition to a United Nations country team configuration coordinated by a Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator.
Under the United Nations country team option, Haiti would no longer feature on the agenda of the Security Council and the United Nations presence would focus on supporting national efforts to advance sustainable development and system-wide accountability for implementing the United Nations Development Assistance Framework. This option, however, would not allow for the retention under a Security Council mandate of a police commissioner and some international police officers, whose presence in a mentoring and advisory role has been critical in ensuring the performance and development of the Haitian national police.
The establishment of a special political mission would still support a strong development focus, since the mission would complement the more technical and longer-term development-focused role of the United Nations agencies, funds and programmes. The Development Assistance Framework would continue to be the main planning vehicle for coordinating the integrated activities of the mission and the United Nations country team. A special political mission would allow the Security Council to continue to accompany the efforts of Haiti towards sustainable peace and would enhance the good offices role of the United Nations through the mandate provided to my Special Representative. The potential risks of relapse into political instability, as are currently being experienced and which also have implications for the human rights situation, highlight the comparative advantage of this option. Various configurations for this option were reviewed, ranging from a small political office to larger mission structures that include advisory functions for further police development and mentoring, strategic and focused justice reform, corrections, elections, human rights and community violence reduction, to support the Government in the delivery of its strategic rule of law priorities in the short to medium term. In the planning of the transition particular emphasis has been placed on ensuring a smooth transition to the new configuration. A robust gender analysis will be needed to identify risks and opportunities for women’s participation and security under the different potential configurations.
Throughout these discussions, Haitian interlocutors reiterated their view that it was time to conclude the United Nations peacekeeping engagement and the application of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations.No request was made for an extension of the MINUJUSTH mandate beyond 15 October 2019.
At the same time, in recognition of continuing needs in the country, the Haitian authorities expressed support for the deployment of a special political mission under Chapter VI of the Charter designed to accompany current priorities in specific and strategic rule of law, security, human rights and development areas for a transitional period, so that Haiti would be subsequently removed from the Security Council agenda."