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Haiti - Agriculture : Drought disrupts the spring campaign 2019
05/06/2019 10:09:39

Haiti - Agriculture : Drought disrupts the spring campaign 2019
The persistent water deficit is an indication of an underperforming spring season as the livelihoods of the population deteriorate further due to high commodity prices and persistent drought that disrupts the spring 2019 campaign. The poorest continue to use negative coping strategies to meet their food needs. As a result, most of the regions are maintaining food stress (Phase 2 of the CPI) or Crisis (Phase 3 of the CPI).

Markets are constantly supplied, both in local products (particularly the South) and in imported products. Although the price of imported rice remains above average, it remains stable compared to other commodities, except at Fonds-des-Nègres and Gonaïves.

February maize and bean plantations are beginning to be harvested, particularly at Grand'Anse and the Nippes and South Moors. While in the irrigated plains, those of maize and beans, augur good harvests.

However, the situation is difficult in drought-prone areas, particularly the Great North and coastal areas (Nippes and South).

Learn more about the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) :

Phase 1 :
Usually adequate and stable food access with moderate to low risk of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.

Phase 2 : Moderately / Borderline Food Insecure
Borderline adequate food access with recurrent high risk (due to probable hazard events and high vulnerability) of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.

Phase 3 : Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis
Highly stressed and critical lack of food access with high and above usual malnutrition and accelerated depletion of livelihood assets that, if continued, will slide the population into Phase 4 or 5 and / or likely result in chronic poverty.

Phase 4 : Humanitarian Emergency
Severe lack of food access with excess mortality, very high and increasing malnutrition, and irreversible livelihood asset stripping.

Phase 5 : Famine / Humanitarian Catastrophe
Extreme social upheaval with complete lack of food access and / or other basic needs where mass starvation, death, and displacement are evident.

HL/ HaitiLibre

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