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Haiti - UN FLASH : After MINUJUSTH, now the BINUH
26/06/2019 08:53:47

Haiti - UN FLASH : After MINUJUSTH, now the BINUH
On Tuesday morning, the United Nations Security Council adopted, draft resolution 2476 creating the "UN Integrated Office in Haiti" (BINUH), a Special Political Mission https://www.haitilibre.com/article- https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-27118-haiti-politic-un-recommends-the-creation-of-a-special-political-mission-in-haiti.html which, as of October 16, will take over from the United Nations Mission for Support for Justice in Haiti (Minujusth), for an initial period of 12 months.

BINUH will consist of a maximum of 30 officers, led by a special representative of the UN Secretary-General. According to diplomats, the negotiations of the text gave rise to a stand-off with the United States, which sought to create the smallest possible political mission considering that it is now up to the Haitian authorities to assume their responsibilities assured so far by the United Nations https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-27387-haiti-security-the-un-and-the-us-confident-that-the-pnh-can-provide-security-without-international-intervention.html

Resolution 2476 was approved by 13 votes in favor, 0 against, 2 abstentions. The Dominican Republic and China abstained, Dominican Ambassador José Singer believes that the mandate was not robust enough as the situation continues to deteriorate in Haiti. Beijing also regretted a "lack of consistency" mandate.

For her part Anne Gueguen, the Deputy Ambassador of France to the UN underlined "The United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti will begin its mission in a difficult context and it is, unfortunately, to fear that the extremely volatile situation will not deteriorate in the weeks and months to come. "

In the resolution adopted, the Security Council stresses the importance of " the United Nations and the international community providing continuous, consistent and sustainable support to the Haitian Government" so that it is better able to ensure security, stability, respect for human rights and long-term development in Haiti. The resolution specifies that the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti will be responsible for :

  • To advise the Government of Haiti in promoting and strengthening political stability and good governance, including the rule of law, preserving and advancing a peaceful and stable environment, including through supporting an inclusive inter-Haitian national dialogue,and protecting and promoting human rights; and
  • To assist the Government of Haiti with its efforts to:(i)Plan and execute free, fair, and transparent elections;
  • Reinforce the capacity of the Haitian National Police (HNP), including through training on human rights and crowd control, to respond to gang violence and sexual and gender-based violence, and to maintain public order;
  • Develop an inclusive approach with all sectors of society to reduce community violence, and in particular gangviolence;
  • Address human rights abuses and violations and comply with international human rights obligations;
  • Improve Penitentiary Administration management and oversight of prison facilities to ensure proper treatment of detainees in accordancewith international standards; and
  • Strengthen the justice sector including by adopting and implementing key legislation to promote justice sector reform, improving internal oversight and accountability, particularly as related to corruption, addressing prolonged pretrial detention, and ensuring merit-based judicial appointments and the timely renewal of judicial mandates;

"The Representative of Haiti took the opportunity to draw the attention of members of the United Nations Security Council on the commitment of the Haitian people to its sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of the Republic of Haiti" reports Chancellor of Haiti Bocchit Edmond.

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