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Haiti - Social : 78% of people without electricity in the Caribbean live in Haiti
After the deadline in June 2019, 24 months of delay promised in the campaign by President Jovenel Moïse, to make electricity available throughout the country https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-21342-haiti-flash-moise-reiterates-his-promise-of-electricity-24-24-throughout-the-country-in-2-years.html , the high energy sector authorities, who have kept their feet on earth and head away from politics make a much more lucid statement and align themselves in a much more distant outlook...
Evenson Calixte, the Director of the National Regulatory Authority of the Energy Sector (ANARSÉ), recalls that of the 9 million inhabitants in the Caribbean who do not have access to electricity, 7 million live in Haiti ( 77.7%), emphasizing lucidly, "before electricity is a reality throughout the national territory" it will take several presidential terms."
René Jean-Jumeau, the Executive Director of the Haitian Energy Institute, shows little optimism in the medium term in achieving electrification, without the establishment of independent national planning of governments in place and without a deep energy reform that will take into account all the different types of energy in the long run
Hervé Pierre Louis, Haiti's Director of Electricity (EDH), announces the forthcoming establishment of a structural reform plan in the energy sector under the leadership of ANARSE, which others will make that the EDH will no longer be a monopoly operator, but simply an operator like the others.
This announced reform also aims to reduce the cost of electricity production, it refers in particular to the track of natural gas, cheaper and whose cost is relatively stable. However, Hervé Pierre Louis is aware that the Haitian State does not have the capacity and financial resources needed to build a natural gas production plant in Haiti and believes that it is essential to call on the capital of private operators who have capacity, competence, expertise and financial resources.
Concerning Haiti's electricity production capacities, beyond the political discourse, he admits without restraint that Haiti is far from having sufficient production infrastructures to meet the needs. Taking the metropolitan area as an example, he explains that EDH can provide only about 130 megawatts 10 to 12 hours a day. Electricity comes from thermal power plants managed by private operators that produce about 75 megawatts (30 megawatts of E-Power and 45 to 50 megawatts of Sogener) and by the EDH which produces the 60 megawatts remaining in particular by the hydroelectric power plant of Péligre and the thermal power station of Carrefour.
The Director of EDH recalls that the electricity transmission and distribution network was built forty years ago, while Port-au-Prince did not even have 1 million inhabitants. Today with 3 times more population, the capacity is insufficient and the grid is outdated and needs to be rebuilt and modernized which is partially in progress due to lack of sufficient financial resources, the loan of 150 million Taiwan for this rehabilitation having still not given the green light of Parliament.
Other challenges to recover service recovery. EDH has about 300,000 subscribers with an average billing rate of 50% and a collection rate that is very sensitive to the socio-political situation. The more the situation is tense in the country, the lower the rate of payment of bills, and each year the State must fill a deficit of more than 200 million dollars.
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