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Haiti - Constitution : The Haitian diaspora in favor of a change of the constitution
This BRIDES opinion poll is in fact conducted among a sample of 2,476 Haitian citizens residing in certain foreign countries around the world, in order to obtain their opinion on issues relating to the Haitian Constitution. Data is collected using two (2) methods. First of all, an online questionnaire is scheduled and hosted on the official website of BRIDES and an advertising spot was broadcast, through the national media and some international media, in order to inform the entire Haitian diaspora of the holding of this survey on the Constitution in four languages (English, French, Creole and Spanish). Measures have been put in place to prevent Haitians living on national soil from accessing the form. Second, former BRIDES investigators, living in the countries concerned, collected face-to-face data where each respondent is interviewed face-to-face.
These interviews are therefore conducted with people from the Haitian diaspora found in places of gathering such as: Churches, restaurants, public markets, hairdressing salons, etc... 2/3 of people who answered the survey questionnaire are men and women are only represented at 1/3 of the sample. This gives a precise proportion of 75.3% of male respondents and 24.7% of women, against 15.5% of young people.
The questions revolve around subjects such as; the choice of vice-president in place of the prime minister, the parliament, dual nationality, the inclusion of the referendum in the new text, the transfer of the issue of discharge under the responsibility of the Superior Court of Accounts and Administrative Litigation etc...
As mentioned above in this text, 87.1% of the Haitian diaspora agree to the idea of endowing Haiti with a new Constitution. Only 12.9% say they disagree.
By the way, there are discussions in public debates on the question of abolishing the post of prime minister and the introduction of the post of vice president in the constitution. In this perspective, 62.7% of people in the diaspora at least agree to the removal of the post of Prime Minister in the Haitian Constitution and 37.3% do not at least agree with the abolition of the post of Prime Minister. While, 81.6% of respondents at least agree to the idea of introducing a post of vice-president in the Haitian Constitution against only 11.4% who do not. 7.1% of people did not give their opinion on this question.
On the issue of the Haitian Parliament, the Haitian diaspora is in favor of its transformation into a single chamber, the Chamber of Deputies. While others say they are either in favor or against a possible abolition of the Senate. Thus, 66.8% of survey respondents are at least "in agreement" to transform the parliament and bring it to a single chamber, while 26.8% are opposed to this approach. Meanwhile, 66.1% of respondents at least "agree" to abolishing the Senate, 27.8% at least disagree and 6.2% of people did not answer the question. On the other hand, 80.1% of respondents are in favor of a decrease in the number of deputies and 13% are against this decrease and finally 6.9% of people have ignored this question.
Around the question of dual nationality which has animated debates for decades, 94.2% of people are at least "in agreement" and 4.5% do not at least "agree" to the Haitian diaspora having another nationality, other than Haitian nationality. It is therefore right to understand that the Haitian diaspora is very interested in its participation in the management of public affairs.
It is obvious that in the new constitution we will adopt the choice of two consecutive terms for the post of president. In this regard, we note that 75.9% of respondents are at least "in agreement" that in the Haitian Constitution a president can run for 2 terms consecutively. And 17.6% do not agree at least to such a step.
Regarding the integration of the referendum vote as a means for the people to give their opinion on major decisions concerning them, a proportion of 73.4% of people are in favor of holding a referendum to be incorporated into the Haitian Constitution against a low proportion of 7.9%. The Haitian diaspora very much wishes in the sense that the holding of referendum be incorporated into the Constitution so that the people can give their opinion on the major decisions that concern them. When asked about their participation or not in a referendum that we would have organized, they are 58.6% to have answered that they would participate without any doubt, 24.4% would participate depending on the content of the referendum, 11% confided that they would never have participated and 5.3% did not comment on the question.
This portion of the diaspora who took part in this opinion poll also gave their opinion on other important points to be included in the new constitution. Thus, concerning the question of the election of governor for each department, 83.7% of the targeted sample agree that there should be elections to elect a Governor per department while only 10.4% oppose to such a move.
For the replacement of the municipal council by a single magistrate and the decrease in the number of ASEC and CASEC members in the Constitution, a total of 69.6% of people agree and 20.2% do not agree that the municipal council be replaced by a single magistrate, then 67.4% agree against 22.3% who do not agree that the number of ASEC and CASEC members be reduced in the Constitution.
A fundamental element concerning the management of senior government officials is also on the agenda. This is the question of discharge, which is the responsibility of the Senate of the Republic, a highly political assembly. In the new text of the mother law, these files will be transferred under the responsibility of the Superior Court of Accounts and Administrative Litigation (CSCCA). According to the poll results, 88.8% of people agree to say the least compared to only 6.9% who disagree. 4.3% of those polled did not want to comment on the transfer of the discharge under the responsibility of the Superior Court of Accounts and Administrative Litigation (CSCCA).
Respondents were asked other questions relating to parliament and town halls. It is about electing a deputy mayor and renewing all senators at once instead of renewal by thirds. In this sense, 47.3% of those polled agree against 44.1% who do not agree with the deputy playing both his role and that of magistrate. And 83.1% of people at least agree to renewing all senators at once, while 12.8% of people who took part in the diaspora survey do not agree to renewing the Senate. all the senators at once.
On the issue of the death penalty in the new constitution, 63.9% of those who voted on this issue at least agree with the introduction of the death penalty in the Haitian constitution. While 26.1% disagree.
Regarding the possible possibility for the new constitution to contribute to the development and stability of the country, we note that 83.4% of diaspora respondents agree to the idea that a new constitution could help Haiti to become a developed and stable country, only 10.3% do not believe that another Constitution can be a game-changer for Haiti.
A very hot topic in the media is the holding of elections in the country. According to the responses collected, 71.9% of people in the diaspora intend to participate in the next presidential, legislative and municipal elections in Haiti, while only 14.2% do not intend to participate and 13.9% have not answered this question.
As a conclusion. It is fair to say that there is almost no difference of opinion between Haitians living on national soil and those living in the diaspora, as to the need for a new constitution. For the two polls (national poll 87.4%, and diaspora poll 87.1%), there is only a 0.3% difference.
Indeed, let us remember, this survey conducted among the Haitian Diaspora on the new Constitution was carried out on a sample of 2476 people living through countries with a high concentration of our compatriots. They are mostly in the Dominican Republic where a workforce of 848 people responded to the questionnaire, i.e. a percentage of 34.2%, in the United States for a workforce of 620 respondents corresponding to a proportion of 25%, in Canada, for a proportion of 10.8% of the sample corresponding to a number of 268 respondents, in metropolitan France, Chile, Brazil representing respectively and in descending order 8.4%, 5.2% and 3.2% of the people of the Haitian diaspora who took part in this poll. And finally, in Martinique, Guadeloupe and French Guiana which together represent 0.3% of the sample.
It should be emphasized, however, that these results presented in this report are indicative and cannot claim to express the opinions of the Haitian diaspora as a whole, since indeed they do not derive from a representative sample of the entire diaspora population. a population totally unrecognized both by its overall workforce and by its demo-socio-economic structure.
Brides poll on the new Haitian Constitution :