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Haiti - FLASH : From Brazil to the American border, costs and difficulties of the journey for Haitian migrants (Map)
17/05/2022 09:44:50

Haiti - FLASH : From Brazil to the American border, costs and difficulties of the journey for Haitian migrants (Map)
Reaching the US border as an illegal Haitian migrant is a long, perilous, expensive and dangerous journey.

Given the information available, we publish the route taken most frequently by Haitian migrants (from Brazil) and the different stages they will have to go through while overcoming with their families, the many constraints, costs and dangers, to arrive alive. at the end of a very long journey with the hope (but without any guarantee), of being able to enter the United States to finally find a better life there, often with great disappointment...

Map of the transnational route taken by the Haitians :

Map Legend :

1- Brazil :
Haitian migrants arrive in Rio Braneo by plane or bus. For an approximate amount of 100 US dollars, a taxi takes them to the border with Peru.


2 - Peru:
Haitians travel to Ecuador starting with a four-day bus trip that can cost up to $300, smugglers prepare a $20 transit document for them, and buses take them to the border for around $130 more. .


3 - Ecuador:
Haitians head to Tulcan, near the Colombian border in a bus that costs $15 or with a human trafficker for around $200.


4 - Colombia:
Haitians adopt Congolese identities, believing that if the authorities capture them they will be reluctant to deport them to West Africa. The smugglers help them cross into Colombia for an additional $300.


5 - El Tapón de Darien:
By this road, the Haitians cross the jungle without a traced path of about 161 kilometers takes about 20 days on foot. They can also cross by motor canoe at a higher cost and have to pay gangs and native groups.


6 - Panama:
At the Panamanian border, the police can turn away travelers when they are crossed by rivers or mountains. Once out of the jungle. Haitians take a bus to Costa Rica.


7 - Costa Rica:
Crossing Costa Rica is not a problem but getting out of the country can be difficult. Haitians can spend months at the border trying to cross into Nicaragua with the help of a smuggler.


8 - Nicaragua:
The country has closed its borders to undocumented migrants, those caught being sent back to Costa Rica or spending up to $1,000 to reach the border with Honduras.

9 - Honduras:
Even though they are sometimes detained, migrants say this is the easiest point to cross. It costs 30 dollars to take a bus to Guatemala City.


10 - Guatemala:
Migrants face detention if caught and have to pay $300 or more to continue on.


11 - Mexico:
Haitian migrants are often stranded at this point where they received a valid transit document and for 20 days. To report to the US Border Patrol, they take a bus from the Tijuana border to one of four migrant shelters https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-33581-haiti-mexico-in-tijuana-haitian-refugees-live-in-an-overcrowded-and-unworthy-camps.html or to a hotel.

12 - San Diego:
At the U.S. border, migrants seek help from Haitian American groups to find relatives or settle in South Florida...


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