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Haiti - UN : No resolution yet adopted, the Security Council divided
18/10/2022 11:10:01

Haiti - UN : No resolution yet adopted, the Security Council divided
Monday, October 17, 2022, faced the dramatic worsening of the situation in Haiti and after the appeal launched by the Haitian Government to the United Nations to solicit the "active solidarity of countries friends of Haiti" https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-37831-haiti-flash-towards-a-foreign-armed-intervention-in-haiti-to-eliminate-gangs.html the Security Council met to consider the Secretary-General's proposals for send a multinational armed rapid intervention force to Haiti.

The prospect of a foreign intervention, particularly American intervention, is not to everyone's taste in Haiti.

Faced with this situation, the United States and Mexico announced the joint tabling of two draft resolutions while insisting on the need to leave the Haitian authorities in charge. The first provides for a sanctions regime against those responsible for violence and instability, and the second should reflect the Secretary-General's proposal that would authorize a "non-UN, limited, carefully delineated" international security assistance mission to help the National Police of Haiti (PNH) to improve the security situation and allow the delivery of humanitarian aid indicated Mrs. Linda Thomas-Greenfield representative of the United States

These clarifications were intended to reassure the members of the Council anxious not to see a repetition of the errors of the past. Past experience mentioned by the two most reluctant delegations, China and the Russian Federation.

Geng Shuang (China) said he supported targeted, robust and effective sanctions against gang members and their supporters, while asking that the proposals of other Council members be listened. China has been more reluctant to send an intervention force. Geng Shuang wonders if such a force will be accepted by the local political parties and the population, for whom the experience of the United Nations in Haiti shows that it is without result that have been sent to the country, for decades, missions of peace. For China, one must beware of solutions imposed from outside and on the contrary favor local political solutions.

Dmitry A. Polyansky (Russian Federation) mentioned "the opposition of certain political groups to an international armed force" and therefore invited the Council to take into account the opinions of many opposition groups. She also does not share the idea of ​​​​quickly "passing" a resolution on sanctions. The Russian representative therefore called on the sponsors of this draft resolution to abandon the tactics of the "race to negotiations" and to listen to the other members of the Council. Dimitry Polyanskiy, also called for "weighing all the consequences of sending foreign contingents", deeming "unacceptable" the "interference in the Haitian political process" from "known regional actors who consider the American continent as their rear-court."

If the Security Council votes, at an undetermined date, to send such a force, it would remain to be determined which country would lead it. "All indications show that the United States will take the lead," said Richard Gowan, analyst at the International Crisis Group, referring to possible support from Canada and Latin American countries.

Remember that for a UN Security Council resolution to be adopted, 9 votes are needed and no veto from the following countries: United States, Russia, Great Britain, China and France.

To be continued...

HL/ SL/ HaitiLibre

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