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Haiti - Environment : Haiti will defend its priorities at COP27
05/11/2022 10:42:13

Haiti - Environment : Haiti will defend its priorities at COP27
The 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will take place from November 6 to 18, in Sharm-el-Sheikh, Egypt. This Conference must meet the needs of the most impacted communities and accelerate the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to comply with the Paris Agreement.

A multisectoral delegation of 15 people will represent Haiti in the climate negotiations. Comprised of executives from the Ministry of the Environment, sectoral ministries and State institutions including the National Food Security Coordination (CNSA) and the Interministerial Committee and Regional Planning (CIAT) as well as representatives of civil society.

COP27 comes at a difficult time marked by socio-economic, political and humanitarian crises, exacerbated by an environmental crisis that threatens the survival of communities and constitutes a major obstacle to economic growth, the well-being of Haitians and the stability of the country.

The Haitian delegation alongside other Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) will defend, among other things, 7 points :

1 - Attenuation:
Developed countries must take steps to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This would require the implementation of greener and more aggressive energy policies and the suspension of subsidies for the exploitation of fossil hydrocarbons.

Haiti, as a SIDS, will only be able to meet its mitigation ambitions if the countries that are in a position to do so provide the necessary financial and technological support. Haiti is willing to take the appropriate measures to allow the introduction and adoption of clean renewable energies as well as the establishment of vast afforestation and reforestation programs.

2 - Adaptation:
Adaptation remains the country's top priority. It must contribute to sustainably increasing its resilience to adverse climatic conditions caused by anthropogenic climate change.

At the national level, Haiti finalized the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) in September 2022, which makes it possible to integrate concerns related to adaptation to climate change into public policies. Download document submitted to COP27: https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/Communication-d-Haiti-relative-a-l-adaptation_rev.pdf

3 - Losses and damages:
Loss and damage related to the adverse effects of climate change are likely to affect the political and socio-economic stability of the country and should therefore be integrated into all action programs against climate change.

"In ten years, the losses caused by climate disasters in Haiti have increased significantly with nearly 400 million US dollars in 2021, which represents approximately 50% of international aid and 20% of the State budget," declares Mr. James CADET, Minister of the Environment.

In order to reduce its high vulnerability, Haiti expects developed countries or those in a position to do so through the various operating entities of the UNFCCC financial mechanism and bilateral mechanisms to provide the necessary financial support. https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-36190-haiti-environment-adaptation-to-climate-change-haiti-needs-more-than-$980-million.html

4 - Climate finance:
Climate finance remains and remains a component of great importance in the implementation of the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement. Once again, Haiti reiterates the importance of predictability in climate finance. Developed countries must strive to fulfill their (unfulfilled) climate finance promise, including the amount of US$100 billion per year. Some funding sources such as the Green Climate Fund need to simplify their procedures for approving and disbursing grants to LDCs and SIDS.

It is also hoped that the bases and approaches for determining the new quantified global objective be well identified and that it also reflects the needs in terms of loss and damage.

5 - Technologies and capacity building:
It is essential to facilitate the adoption of low-carbon technologies in developing countries. In 2021, Haiti completed the Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) to address climate change. This assessment identified innovative technologies for mitigation and adaptation.

Indeed, developed countries must support the process of transferring skills and knowledge in clean technologies in LDCs, in particular through the Technology Mechanism of the UNFCCC which in turn needs a reinforcement of the resources made available to it.

The resources made available to the UNFCCC's technology mechanism must be strengthened to enable it to meet the urgent and growing needs of developing countries like Haiti.

6 - Transparency frame:
Recognition of the special circumstances of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) should be clearly reflected in the terms, procedures and guidelines of the Transparency Framework for Action and Support. Thus, the Capacity-Building Initiative for Transparency should continue to support LDCs and SIDS to strengthen their reporting capacity and improve the transparency framework.

7 - Gender:
Gender aspects must be taken into account in all initiatives and processes to combat climate change. It is important to build the capacities of women for their full participation in the fight against climate change.

Haiti's participation in CoP27 will once again reflect the involvement of civil society and the technical and/or financial commitment to the Haitian Government in the fight against climate change, many partners, under the leadership of the Coordination of the United Nations in Haiti, through UNDP, UNEP, FAO, WFP, UNFPA, PAHO/WHO, UNESCO and the Taiwan Embassy in Haiti

See also :

Download document submitted to COP27 : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/Communication-d-Haiti-relative-a-l-adaptation_rev.pdf

HL/ S/ HaitiLibre

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