Haiti - Environment : SOS to save the Pine Forest, the Parc la Visite and the Macaya Park - HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7





iciHaiti - Biden Program : More than 184,000 Haitians have been approved and 90% are in the USA

iciHaiti - Culture : 80th anniversary of the Art Center

iciHaiti - 221st Flag : Message from the Ambassador of Haiti to Spain Guy Lamothe

iciHaiti - CONATEL : World Telecommunications and Information Society Day

iciHaiti - Football : Two friendly meetings at high altitude, for our Grenadières


more news


Haiti - News : Zapping...

Haiti - FLASH : Haitians could become Beninese…

Haiti - FLASH : Barbecue affirms that its men are ready to fight the Mission led by Kenya

Haiti - FLASH : Ekuru Aukot in Kenya, once again tries to block the Mission in Haiti

Haiti - News : Zapping...


more news


Haiti - Environment : SOS to save the Pine Forest, the Parc la Visite and the Macaya Park
14/03/2023 10:34:04

Haiti - Environment : SOS to save the Pine Forest, the Parc la Visite and the Macaya Park
After the celebration of the 28th International Day of Biodiversity (May 2021), several ecological organizations such as: Ecovert-Haiti and the Support Movement for the Peasantry (MAP) presented a diagnosis on the lamentable state of the units of protected areas: Forêt des Pins, Parc la Visite and Parc Macaya respectively located in the biosphere reserves of La Selle and La Hotte. These organizations made recommendations and insisted that the Haitian authorities declare "Ecological emergency on the national territory". What was not done.

Two years after this first cry of alarm, the situation of biodiversity in Haiti is worsening in our two biosphere reserves listed as World Heritage by UNESCO. https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-21247-haiti-environment-unesco-adds-new-biosphere-reserve-in-haiti.html and https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-16923-haiti-environment-the-natural-reserve-of-la-hotte-selected-by-unesco.html

To get an idea of the current lamentable state of our forests of La Selle and La Hotte, ecological organizations in an open letter to the Government and the High Council of Transition (HCT) present an updated diagnosis carried out during the month of March 2023 of which we publish large extracts

Pine Forest:
Established over an area of 32,000 hectares in 1937, the Forêt des Pins, located in the south-east of Haiti in the Selle massif, has shrunk considerably (approximately 12,000 hectares in 2019, source Écovert-Haiti https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-35184-haiti-environment-ecovert-haiti-condemns-the-inaction-and-irresponsibility-of-the-government.html ) because of massive deforestation and recurrent fires.

It constitutes a vast tropical forest of conifers and supplies many cities in the country with its diversity in species of plants and animals. But for years, due to the presence of a public market inside the Forest (Unit 1 especially), the expansion of constructions and the acceleration of deforestation practices for agriculture, coal wood and also furniture to meet family needs reduce the area of this forest reserve and considerably reduce biodiversity, water resources and expose all the surrounding regions to natural disasters.

It should be noted that the degradation of this forest reserve has increased since the beginning of 2023 where fires are multiplying everywhere, especially at the level and hundreds of hectares are already ravaged by fire https://www.icihaiti.com/en/news-39030-icihaiti-pine-forestmore-than-150-hectares-destroyed-by-fire-in-8-days.html


National Park The Visit:
Located in the Massif de la Selle, La Visite National Park, declared a protected area in April 1983, is one of the most important natural sites in the country. The fauna of this forest reserve has a high percentage of endemicity such as the Hispaniola Crossbill, Golden Swallows, Haitian Tanager, Damoison Trogon, Piping Solitaire and Narrow-billed Tody which are today threatened by the continued degradation of their natural habitats. For years, this park has been in the hands of hundreds of individuals who exploit it for agricultural and commercial purposes due to the lack of environmental monitoring measures. This park is constantly subject to fires and cutting of trees for construction purposes which considerably reduce its forested area which has fallen from 2,000 hectares in 1976 to approximately 500 hectares today.

Macaya National Park:
Located in the Massif de La Hotte, Macaya National Park was declared a National Reserve Forest in 1983 and a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 2016.

Considered the largest Natural Park in the Caribbean, the buffer area of this protected area is 81,420 hectares while Pic Macaya is the highest peak in Haiti with (2,734m) 2nd highest peak on the island after the Duarte Peak located in the José del Carmen Ramírez National Park in the Dominican Republic (3,098m), the highest peak in the Caribbean.

This national park is home to a biological diversity of paramount importance. It is considered one of the birding areas in Haiti by the Ornithological Society of Hispaniola, it contains a very diverse and largely endemic bird fauna with more than 65 species of birds such as the four-eyed tanager , the Haitian Tanager and the Hispaniola Crossbill and the Devil Petrel that nest in the cliffs.

This Park is also home to over 54 species of amphibians and reptiles, over 367 varieties of flowering plants, over 99 species of mosses, over 103 varieties of ferns, and 150 species of orchids, various varieties of fungi and several species of terrestrial mammals endemic to the Island.

In addition, the Park is the water tower of the departments of the South and Grand'Anse. The English, Port-à-Piment, Acul, Torbeck, La Ravine du Sud, Guinaudée, Voldrogue, Grand'Anse and Roseaux rivers have their source here.

For years, with its potential in natural resources or its abundance in flora and fauna, this park has always been left to its own devices and since February 2023, this reserve has been under fires which could have many direct drastic consequences on the fauna. and the flora of the country, and of the Caribbean region.

Despite the various calls made in the media, the signatories of this open letter: the Ecovert-Haiti Organization, the Federation of Organizations for Community Development of the Visit (FADECOV), PROMODEV, MAP, Antoine Simon Foundation of Les Cayes, Konbit Ekolojis Sid (KES), Association of Young People United for the Development of the Central Plateau (AJRDPC), Young Fighters United for Change towards a Sustainable Society in Haiti (JECORECS-DH), the inhabitants and local authorities (CASEC, ASEC, ) of the areas where these protected areas are located, the Ministry of the Environment, responsible for leading the country's environmental governance, remains deaf and has probably failed in its mission.

These organizations point out that "what remains of the Haitian State does not intervene to restore order within protected areas and forests, in particular with a view to intervening quickly to extinguish fires, support local officials and enforce environmental legislation against those who commit violations."

Finally, they deplore that the efforts that have been made previously to counter the degradation of the environment in Haiti “have all been undermined by the Ministry of the Environment. For example: Germplasm Centers have become dysfunctional and seedlings, energy and money are wasted. Partnerships signed with environmental organizations to strengthen the national environmental management system are on hold and in pause mode within the Ministry of Environment."

Faced with multiple recurring problems faced by the country's environmental sector, in particular the two biosphere reserves in Haiti, it is recommended that the authorities and members of the High Council of Transition (HCT) take the following measures:

  • Declare "Ecological Emergency" in Haitian forests and in our protected areas;
  • Proceed with the appointment of a new Minister of the Environment and profound changes within the directorates and services, particularly in the units of protected areas;
  • Establish a technical team at the head of the ANAP and designate an Inspector General of the National Police of Haiti and a Colonel or a Major of the Armed Forces of Haiti (FADH) to coordinate the BSAP while ensuring a deep vetting on the agents of this technical environmental monitoring body;
  • Establish a joint commission between the Ministry of the Environment and that of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Development (MARNDR) for synergy in programs and projects (Afè chapèl la dwe fini);
  • The CIAT must resume its mission as described by the laws of the Republic;
  • Find strategies as soon as possible to stop the fires and the continued degradation of the Pine Forest, La Visite National Park, and Macaya Park in the Massif de la Hotte;
  • Carry out a rapid damage assessment and analyze the basic needs necessary for the rehabilitation and strengthening of protected areas;
  • Implement u1.- Declare "Ecological Emergency" in Haitian forests and in our protected areas;
  • Proceed with the appointment of a new Minister of the Environment and profound changes within the directorates and services, particularly in the units of protected areas;
  • Establish a technical team at the head of the ANAP and designate an Inspector General of the National Police of Haiti and a Colonel or a Major of the Armed Forces of Haiti (FADH) to coordinate the BSAP while ensuring a deep vetting on the agents of this technical environmental monitoring body;
  • Establish a joint commission between the Ministry of the Environment and that of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Development (MARNDR) for synergy in programs and projects (Afè chapèl la dwe fini);
  • The CIAT must resume its mission as described by the laws of the Republic;
  • Find strategies as soon as possible to stop the fires and the continued degradation of the Pine Forest, La Visite National Park, and Macaya Park in the Massif de la Hotte;
  • Carry out rapid damage assessment and analyze basic needs for rehabilitation and strengthening management of protected areas;
  • Set up a community mobilization process: partnerships and support for the population in protected areas in income-generating activities;
  • Define a global strategy for the management and care of each of these protected areas
  • Take steps to enforce Haitian law, including:
    • The rural code in its articles 193 to 207 which are dedicated to the protection of forests and trees;
    • The law of May 28, 1936 which enacts measures to stop deforestation;
    • The decree-law of June 23, 1937 on the regulation of forests;
    • Apply the January 2006 decree on environmental management and regulation of citizens' conduct for sustainable development.
  • Organize a symposium on the environment to define a public policy on the environment that incorporates measures relating to the fight against deforestation, fires, the construction of housing, farms, the fight against climate change climatic

See also :
https://www.icihaiti.com/en/news-39030-icihaiti-pine-forestmore-than-150-hectares-destroyed-by-fire-in-8-days.html
https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-35184-haiti-environment-ecovert-haiti-condemns-the-inaction-and-irresponsibility-of-the-government.html
https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-21247-haiti-environment-unesco-adds-new-biosphere-reserve-in-haiti.html
https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-16923-haiti-environment-the-natural-reserve-of-la-hotte-selected-by-unesco.html

HL/ HaitiLibre

Twitter Facebook Rss
Send news to... Daily news...




Why HaitiLibre ? | Contact us | Français
Copyright © 2010 - 2024
Haitilibre.com