Haiti - Social : 4.9 million Haitians require emergency humanitarian aid
The increase of 48% to 49% recorded compared to the projection results from a set of factors : the surge in prices linked to the high volatility of the Gourde against the US dollar, the extension of gang violence which paralyzes increasing economic activities in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, in the southern peninsula and in a good part of the Far North, the poor performance of the autumn and winter agricultural campaigns, the resurgence of the cholera epidemic and the drop in humanitarian aid.
15 areas out of 32 analyzed are in a critical situation (IPC Phase 4 or emergency phase). Households are plagued by extreme food deficits, despite resorting to irreversible survival strategies. These are mainly areas of the Great South affected by the earthquake of 08/14/2021 https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-34479-haiti-flash-magnitude-72-earthquake-in-the-nippes-updated-10am.html, the Haut Plateau and its extensions in the North and Artibonite, the North-East, the North-West, La Gonâve and 3 municipalities of the metropolitan area most affected by the activities of armed gangs (Cité Soleil, the most precarious neighborhoods of Port-au-Prince and those of the commune of Croix-des-Bouquets).
The famine situation for the first time in Haiti, in Cité Soleil with a proportion of households in phase 5 https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-38357-haiti-flash-the-hour-is-serious-19-000-haitians-affected-by-famine-47-million-in-food-insecurity.html has improved : thanks to exceptional emergency food assistance. The proportion of households in this commune, which was in a situation of famine, fell from 5% to 0%. However, humanitarian efforts are and remain necessary to prevent a deterioration of the situation of these households. The Artibonite HT03 and HT04 areas classified as IPC 3 and above, poorly assisted are characterized by a high rate of food insecurity of around 50%, due to gang violence which considerably reduces the population's access to health services. base and income opportunities, require special attention.
Due to the severity of the situation, urgent actions are required to provide support to nearly 50% of the population. Establishing the point between emergency and development interventions, in order to reduce the vulnerability of households, is desirable. Decapitalized agricultural households, due to economic and climatic shocks and the poor performance of previous agricultural campaigns, require immediate support for the implementation of the 2023 spring campaign. Otherwise, this campaign would be greatly jeopardized and food security conditions of these groups would be worse.
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