Haiti - IRMA : Situation Report #4
Overview of the situation :
Red alert is lifted after Hurricane Irma on the North Coast. A helicopter flight conducted by the National Risk Management System (SNGRD) including international humanitarian partners, was carried out for a preliminary assessment of the affected areas. The departmental, municipal and local structures of the National Risk and Disaster Management System conduct rapid assessments of human and material damage at the Great North, West and Central.
On the Turtle Island, in the North-West Department, two railway boats were not found; 15 cabot sailing vessels and one motor boat were severely damaged; three schools are damaged and one clinic destroyed. A church reported destroyed in the commune of Bassin-Bleu.
75 shelters were open in all the departments of the country with the exception of the West and the South-East, 21 remain active in the North-East and North-West, housing 6,494 people. At the height of the evacuation, the Civil Protection and its partners hosted more than 12,400 people;
The Institute of Social Welfare and Research and its partners supported 1,661 children from orphanages in the Great North and the West, of whom 1,226 were moved to other non-flooding homes;
In the South Department, approximately 300 people, the total population of the Dumont neighborhood, were moved to a temporary shelter in Port-Salut. They have returned home since the warning has been lifted;
The Northeast Department provided a total of 18,000 hot dishes at a rate of 6,000 per day to those affected in temporary shelters and communities. COUN carried food, 750 cleaning kits, including wheelbarrows, shovels, picks and others, to the affected areas, including the Northeast;
Food stocks for a total of 80,000 people in the North and Artibonite are stored at the peripheral World Food Program (WFP) warehouse to meet the needs of the population;
17 people were slightly injured during the IRMA passage . Moreover, the body of one of the two people, missing in the Center after being swept away by the waters of the Locianne and Latombe rivers, was found dead on Saturday morning. It's a elderly man who tried to cross the Latombe River at Mirebalais, along with four other people who survived. The young man, in his thirties, missing in Cerca Cavajal, has still not been found.
Situatiuon of rivers and floods :
everal rivers are still in flood or have begun to decline:
- Northeast: Marion [Fort-Liberté], Matri [Ferrier] and Massacre [Ouanaminthe];
- West: Bréthel and Torcelle [Cabaret], River Blanche [Ganthier], Courjolle [Arcahaie] and River Grise [Tabarre];
- Center: Boucan Square, Cerca-Cavajal, Cerca-La-Source and Hinche;
The number of communities partially flooded by runoff and floods of the main rivers increased further on Friday, September 8th. 22 communes of the departments of Artibonite, Center, North, Northeast, Northwest and West are concerned.
Artibonite: Lachapelle, Grande Saline, Dessalines, Saint-Marc;
Center: Hinche and Cerca Cavajal;
North: Lemonade, Grande Rivière du Nord, Pilate;
Northeast: Ouanaminthe (severe flooding in places), Fort-Liberté, Caracol, Ferrier, Terrier-Rouge and Trou-du-Nord (water levels have dropped);
North-West: Anse-à-Foleur and Port-de-Paix ;
West: Arcahaie, Cabaret, Ganthier, Tabarre and Thomazeau.
Other floods mainly concern agricultural areas, will be considered in the sectoral reports. Some communes have experienced flooding without the houses having been reached (eg Mirebalais and Thomassique).
Total damage and damage figures :
Light injuries: 17 (8 in the West, 7 in the North and 2 in the Northwest)
People evacuated in shelters (72h max): 12,539
Open evacuation shelter: 81
Houses flooded over the whole territory: 4,903
Heavily damaged houses: 2,646
Houses destroyed on the whole territory: 466
Disaster families (with severely damaged / destroyed habitat): 8,015 (mainly in the great north and west)
Center: Traffic is restored on the national road number 3 connecting Cap-Haïtien and Port-au-Prince, via Hinche, at Ravine La Couime.
North: the main road Barrière Battant and Grande Rivière du Nord is cut off, access is difficult at Duffailly. A study is underway for repairs. The Pignon / Saint-Raphaël section is cut and blocked to traffic.
Northeast: erosion of part of the road (120 m long and 2m50 wide) at Mombin Crochu, Bois de Laurence. Interventions are scheduled from Monday 11 September.
North-West: the Port-de-Paix section and Jean Rabel is impassable at Baie des Moustiques.
South: Drainage works are under way in several risk areas.
Agriculture and Environment :
Center: 10 to 15 hectares of land in corn, small millet and banana plantations are devastated at Saut d'Eau.
The flooding of the river La Selle in Mirebalais also devastated 20 hectares of land under cultivation in the Low Plateau.
In Thomonde and in the Lahoye section, the Artibonite River increased flow, crushing several hectares of plantation and carrying a lot of head of cattle
North-West: On the Turtle Island, in the Tandron area, crop production is destroyed to 80%; 50% loss of crop production. Two losses of goat are recorded. On the mainland, 10% of goats, pigs were washed away by water;
Fishing is affected at 10% with 30 sailboats damaged. 10 kilometers of agricultural roads are damaged by Jean Rabel. To date, no data available on salt marshes.
Coastal flooding is reported at Anse-à-Foleur, Port-de-Paix and Mole Saint-Nicolas.
Northeast: Floods of 450 hectares of the agricultural perimeters of Jassa by the river bearing the same name. Considerable losses were registered in rice, okra, sweet potato, banana, pepper, and stem plantations.
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