Haiti - FLASH : Evaluation of traditional Haitian remedies against Covid-19 - HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7

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Haiti - FLASH : Evaluation of traditional Haitian remedies against Covid-19
01/08/2020 10:04:13

Haiti - FLASH : Evaluation of traditional Haitian remedies against Covid-19
The Commission for the Evaluation of Traditional Remedies Used against Covid-19 in Haiti, made up of teachers from the UEH : Audalbert Bien-Aimé, Engineer-Agronomist, specialist in animal nutrition; Justin Casimir, Chemist; Marc-Félix Civil, Doctor of medicine, specialist in ethics; Ernst Noel, Virologist and Marilise Rouzier, Biologist-botanist, presented his report Thursday July 30, 2020.

Recall that this working group formed on June 4 was tasked with issuing a scientific and ethical opinion on the formulas and recipes used in Haiti against Covid-19; specify the properties and possible side effects of plants used in the composition of these recipes and make recommendations.

Extracts from the report :

About 72 traditional recipes identified in use to prevent and fight Covid-19 were taken into account, about sixty composed of plant species, 5 of animal origin and 5 of mineral origin.

Most used products in recipes :
Honey and ginger are the most commonly used products, followed by lemon, aloe (Lalwa), cloves, garlic, onion, cinnamon and mugwort. Other products are also used such as: nutmeg, eggs, milk, eucalyptus, asosi, sour orange, parsley, saffron, lemongrass, basil, carrot, kase sèk, wormwood, castor, beetroot, verbena, moringa, stinking peas.

Most common plant families :
1) Asteraceae,
2) euphorbiaceae,
3) lamiaceae
4) liliaceae

Method of preparation identified :
1) Decoction (Porridge)
2) Soaked in alcohol
3) Passage of ingredients in a blender, Juice
4) Infusion (chode)

Mode of administration :
1) Oral route (A priori)
2) Sometimes rubs or baths
3) Inhalation (Certain times)

Duration of treatment :
1) On average 5 to 10 days
2) For prevention: once a day, sometimes twice a day
3) Already affected by the disease: 3 times / day

Finding :

Several recipes have the potential to address both symptoms and block complications while others can prevent disease. This indicates a good knowledge of phytotherapy and a particular skill in handling plants and associating them. The fact that this is a population that has never denied its ancestral knowledge with regard to the use of plants and which has always used herbal medicine to treat its daily ailments, has certainly helped this rapid and adequate reaction to a disease completely unknown until now. This rich knowledge has undoubtedly helped to prevent the loss of many lives in a population already affected by a catastrophic socio-economic situation.

Council of the Commission :

  • In addition to the positive effects listed, for the recipes used to become more effective and safe, it is necessary to draw attention to certain important points :

  • On the whole, the plants used are not known to be harmful, which is somewhat reassuring. The use of some of them such as mugwort, wormwood and brown wormwood are not without danger and should be avoided by mouth.

  • Combining several plants in the same recipe has its advantages, but also its disadvantages. The major drawback found in the recipes concerns the anticoagulant effect of plants. Some recipes with too many herbs having this effect could cause the user to bleed.

  • More generally, even when the plants that are used are not individually dangerous, some recipes while helping to manage the symptoms of Covid-19, fail by the too great complexity of their composition.

  • Most recipes should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women and small children. Hypertensives and diabetics, numerous in the country and who constitute vulnerable groups, must be vigilant and avoid complex recipes.

  • Regulation of traditional uses is absolutely necessary: ​​it must take into account international standards in this area while preserving the originality of practices and guaranteeing the right to property.

Commission recommendations to the population :

Take Covid-19 very seriously and follow the instructions of the Ministry of Public Health.

Continue to use herbal remedies against Covid-19, educating yourself and avoiding plants that may be toxic and being moderate in amounts and mixtures of species. Absinthe and brown wormwood should not be used orally. For the plant called "mugwort" given the doubts weighing on its identification (several plants bearing this name) and the risks of toxicity, it would be prudent to use it only by the external route, in bath for example. To avoid an accumulation of plants with an anticoagulant effect, it is advisable not to mix more than 3 or 4 plants at a time for the oral route.

Take full advantage of local products rich in vitamins and minerals and consume more foods, such as cherries, cocoa, mangoes, avocados, vegetables / leaves, watercress, moringa. By strengthening the immune system, these foods protect against covid-19 but also other infectious diseases.

For more details download the Commission report (PDF) : https://www.haitilibre.com/docs/remede-covid-19.pdf

See also :

HL/ HaitiLibre

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