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Haiti - Denationalisation : The Dialogue, only way for reasonable solution
25/11/2013 13:21:04

Haiti - Denationalisation : The Dialogue, only way for reasonable solution
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs informs us that following the working meeting held in Caracas, Venezuela, November 19, 2013, at the initiative of the Government of Venezuela, between a delegation of Haiti and Dominican Republic led respectively the Chancellor Haitian Pierre-Richard Casimir and Gustavo Adolfo Montalvo Franco, Minister of the Presidency of the Dominican Republic, around the judgment of the Constitutional Court of Dominican Republic aimed at removing citizenship to descendants of foreigners [mostly Haitian] born in the Dominican Republic after 1929, on the basis that their parents were considered "in transit" [without legal document at the time of the birth of their child], a joint declaration was signed by the two Heads of Delegation :

"1 - Confirming that the dialogue is the appropriate way to resolve any situation involving people of Haitian descent born in the Dominican Republic affected by the implementation of the judgment TC 168/13, made ​​by the Constitutional Court of the Dominican Republic. Prioritize dialogue before any other way.

2 - Reaffirming its commitment [Dominican Republic] to move forward in all the necessary measures to ensure legal security, the full enjoyment and respect of the rights of people of Haitian descent born in the Dominican Republic.

3 -. Considering that the Dominican government will render public in the next few days a series of decisions in this respect [regulation plan of the aliens concerned] the two governments agreed to hold another meeting to reach satisfactory agreements."

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs reiterated the commitment of the Government Martelly-Lamothe to make every effort to ensure the defense of the interests and rights of all citizens of Haitian origin, where they are located.

Moreover, in a note, "the Ministry of Foreign Affairs invites the general public and broadcast media , print, television in particular to take their distancein relation to a voluntary misinterpretation on the part of certain sectors of Dominican society [...] Nowhere in the Joint Declaration, it is expressed any agreement of the Haitian Government on any element whatsoever. Certainly, at the invitation of a common ally, namely Venezuela, anxious to forge the best conditions for the construction of regional unity, a dialogue was initiated between the two Governments in order to find the best ways to solve the problem, however, the position of the Republic of Haiti on that arbitrary sentence and its likely humanitarian consequences remains unchanged [...] Haiti considers this judgement unacceptable, absurd and illogical because it violates the principle of non-retroactivity of laws and is in total contradiction with several provisions of the Dominican Constitution itself.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will continue to use all the tools of diplomacy to limit the political, social and economic consequences of the possible implementation of this decision [...]"

However, beyond the political, diplomatic and emotional dimension and equally unfair as this Dominican decision, the dialogue between the two countries is the only way that will limit the consequences [beyond a clash politico-economic]. Recall that the laws that determine who is a citizen or not of a country remains the sovereign prerogative (as in Haiti). That the violation of the principle of non-retroactivity of laws is also part of local law as any contradictions of this decision with the Dominican Constitution. Only the aspects relating to the non-respect of human rights can be invoked by Haiti to international bodies, if they are found to have been violated by the neighboring Republic.

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